Research Program: Natural Resources

Extractive Orders: a political geography of public authority in Ituri, DR Congo

April 19, 2016

Public authority is an essentially contested concept in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Not only is the ‘state of the state’ subject to profound disagreement in academic debates, but public authority on the ground is also the focal point of heated contestation. While some argue that the DRC does not exist as a state from the perspective of normative understandings of statehood, others argu


Business, Human Rights and Uganda’s oil. Part III: Respect and Remedy: Implementing corporate responsibility under the UN Framework on Business and Human Rights

December 31, 2015

The following is the third in a series of four reports exploring business and human rights issues in Uganda’s oil sector. This series is a collaboration between IPIS vzw and ActionAid Uganda. The 2011 UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights operationalise the 2008 Protect, Respect and Remedy Framework. In accordance herewith, this third report assesses the duty of businesses to respect


Thorns amongst the roses. A Cross-country analysis of human rights issues in flower farms in East Africa

December 31, 2015

Floriculture is one of Africa’s most lucrative export sectors and can bring significant benefits to producer communities, but only where operations are conducted in a manner that is sustainable and respectful of the rights of workers and communities. Thorns Amongst the Roses summarises the human rights impacts that the International Peace Information Service (IPIS), the Global Horticultural Worker


SAESSCAM Database

Presentation of SAESSCAM database on Artisanal and Small-scale Mining

November 26, 2015

From November 17 to 19, IPIS presented its work during a multi stakeholder meeting in Kinshasa as part of a project to support artisanal and small scale mining in DRC. In partnership with Pact and Estelle Levin LTD, IPIS has provided capacity reinforcement for the Service d’Assistance et d’Encadrement du Small Scale Mining (SAESSCAM), a governmental agency. IPIS focused on reviewing existing data


Mineral supply chains and conflict links in eastern democratic republic of congo

November 25, 2015

Between 2009 and 2010 IPIS collected data on over 550 mining sites as part a conflict mapping exercise focusing on Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). With the collaboration of Congolese researchers, IPIS collected the coordinates of the most important mining sites and information on on-site security in North and South Kivu provinces, Maniema, Northern Katanga and southeast Province Orient


Maniema province – A0 map (2015)

June 4, 2015

This is an A0 map of the Lubutu, Punia and Pangi Territories in Maniema Province, DRC


Review of the Burundian Artisanal Gold Mining Sector

April 22, 2015

Burundi is located in the centre of Africa’s Great Lakes Region, a region that has seen a gold rush during the last decade, with both artisanal and industrial mining operations expanding substantially in neighbouring Tanzania and the DR Congo (DRC). At the same time, the illegal taxation and trade of artisanal gold in the eastern DRC forms an increasingly important contribution to financing the pr


Exploitations artisanales et à petite échelle en RD Congo

April 1, 2015

Launching ceremony of the artisanal and small scale mining project with Pact, ELL and IPIS in Kinshasa. Picture by Pact. – English below – Du 23 au 26 février, IPIS a participé au séminaire de lancement d’un nouveau projet “d’Elaboration d’un document stratégique sur les exploitations artisanales et à petite échelle”. En partenariat avec Pact et Estelle Levin LTD, IPIS travaille au renforcement de


Idjwi Territory – A0 Map

March 5, 2015

Idjwi Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC Idjwi Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC (Detail)


Kabare Territory, South Kivu – A0 Map

March 5, 2015

Kabare Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC Kabare Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC (Detail)


Kalehe Territory – A0 Map

March 5, 2015

Kalehe Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC Kalehe Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC (Detail)


Mwenga Territory – A0 Map

March 5, 2015

Mwenga Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC Mwenga Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC (Detail)


Shabunda Territory – A0 Map

March 5, 2015

Shabunda Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC Shabunda Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC (Detail)


Uvira Territory – A0 Map

March 5, 2015

Uvira Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC Uvira Territory, South Kivu Province, DRC (Detail)


IPIS Insights: Diamonds in the Central African Republic

December 22, 2014

Since May 2013 the Central African Republic has been suspended from the Kimberly Process (KP) – a measure maintained by the mechanism’s annual plenary in Guangzhou, China, this November. The CAR’s transitional authorities have been seeking at least a partial lifting of this export ban so that the country might benefit from the much needed revenues its diamonds can generate.1 However, the authoriti


Lubero, Oicha, Butembo and Beni Territories – A0 Map

December 5, 2014

Lubero, Oicha, Butembo and Beni Territories, North Kivu Province, DRC Lubero, Oicha, Butembo and Beni Territories, North Kivu Province, DRC (Detail)


Masisi Territory – A0 Map

December 5, 2014

Masisi Territory, North Kivu Province, DRC Masisi Territory, North Kivu Province, DRC (Detail)


Rutshuru Territory – A0 Map

December 5, 2014

Rutshuru Territory, North Kivu Province, DRC Rutshuru Territory, North Kivu Province, DRC (Detail)


Walikale Territory – A0 Map

December 5, 2014

Walikale Territory, North Kivu Province, DRC Walikale Territory, North Kivu Province, DRC (Detail)


Mapping Conflict Motives: the Central African Republic (2012-2014)

November 21, 2014

In this study, IPIS analyses the conflict dynamics in the Central African Republic (CAR) since the outbreak of the latest crisis in September 2012 up to September 2014. The analysis specifically looks into the motivations and interests of the main conflict parties, Seleka and anti-balaka, and the influence and interests of neighbouring countries. The report covers the following key questions. What


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