BRIEFING

17 – 23 January 2013

EDITORIAL

While, in the Central African Republic, Nicolas Tiangaye, the prime minister thrust upon President Bozizé by opposition and rebels, is trying to form his transition government, Seleka rebels on the field appear to be dissatisfied with the Libreville accords. Elements of the rebel coalition created havoc in two towns, thus in effect breaching the ceasefire, but their abuses were condemned by the Seleka leaders in Bangui.

In the east of the CAR, the chief bodyguard of Joseph Kony and main logistician of the LRA was killed by the Ugandan army.

The talks between the DRC Government and the M23 rebels in Kampala seem to have come to a stalemate. M23 insists on discussing political issues and demands the installation of a transition council, which is totally unacceptable for the Government.

In North Kivu, various armed groups continue to recruit children. In Katanga, different Mai-Mai groups remain very active, with the Congolese army engaged in an operation against them. Remarkably, refugees from Katanga who arrived in Zambia say they are fleeing the army, not the Mai-Mai.

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region. 

 

LRA – Kony’s chief bodyguard killed in CAR

UPDF kills LRA leader Kony’s chief bodyguard | 21 January 2013 | New Vision

Ugandan army says it kills top Kony bodyguard | 21 January 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb

Joseph Kony’s Bodyguard Killed in CAR | 21 January 2013 | Voice of America

Central African Republic: Troops Kill Rebel Leader’s Bodyguard | 21 January 2013 | The New York Times

Joseph Kony’s chief bodyguard killed, Ugandan army says | 21 January 2013 | The Guardian

The Ugandan army (UPDF) has shot and killed Brig. Binani, a member of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) rebel high command and chief bodyguard of leader Joseph Kony. Army spokesperson Col. Felix Kulayigye said that Binani was also in charge of logistics, movement of food and abductions for the LRA, but he may not have been recently operating close to Kony. He was killed on Friday following a clash with a UPDF squad in the east of Central African Republic, 280 km north of Djema, close to the border with South Sudan.

 

 

Iranian ammunition used in African conflicts

Iranian Ammunition Surfaces in African Conflicts | 21 January 2013 | Voice of America

For years, unmarked ammunition has been turning up in some of Africa’s bloodiest conflict zones — Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Ivory Coast. After a six-year investigation, independent arms investigators with Britain-based Conflict Armament Research (CAR) say they have figured out where the ammunition is being made: Iran. According to their December 2012 report, “The Distribution of Iranian Ammunition in Africa”, CAR researchers say Iranian ammunition is circulating widely in Africa despite a United Nations arms embargo on Iran.

 

 

African Union Summit

AU Summit: Rights Key for Addressing Crises | 21 January 2013 | Human Rights Watch

Sommet de l’UA: Les droits humains sont un élément essentiel de la résolution des crises | 21 January 2013 | Human Rights Watch

Crise dans l’Est de la RDC : Human rights watch plaide pour « une action concertée » | 23 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

The African Union (AU) should make human rights central to its discussions about crises situations in Africa at its summit meeting this week in Ethiopia, Human Rights Watch said today in an open letter to the AU chairperson, Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. The Ordinary Summit begins on January 21, 2013, and AU heads of state are due to meet on January 27 and 28 in Addis Ababa. The AU summit should address the human rights crises in Mali, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, and Somalia as well as the human rights challenges around upcoming elections in Kenya and Zimbabwe, Human Rights Watch said.

 

AU Must Combat Impunity for International Crimes | 21 January 2013 | Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA) | allAfrica

Analysis. With the African Union (AU) Heads of State Summit getting underway next week in Ethiopia, many people will be eagerly watching how newly elected AU Chairperson, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, oversees proceedings and the stance she adopts on critical issues facing the continent – such as impunity for international crimes. Indeed, 140 civil society organisations have just written a letter to the AU Commission Chair to urge her to ensure that the AU does more to combat impunity for the gravest crimes.

 

African Leaders to Discuss Regional War Crimes Court | 23 January 2013 | Institute for War & Peace Reporting (IWPR)

Ahead of an African Union summit in Addis Ababa this week, legal experts are urging caution over plans to expand the jurisdiction of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights to allow it to try individuals for mass crimes. The proposal is likely to be on the agenda for the African Union meeting taking place on January 21-28.

 

DRC 

MONUSCO weekly press conference

Conférence de presse des Nations Unies du mercredi 23 janvier 2013 | 23 January 2013 | MONUSCO

 

 

M23

Interview with Steve Hege, Former Coordinator, UN Group of Experts on the DRC | 16 January 2013 | Global Observatory

Steve Hege is the former coordinator of the United Nations Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), which in November 2012 presented a report to the UN Security Council that contained overwhelming evidence of Rwanda and Uganda’s support of the M23 rebel group.

 

M23 Rebels Making Millions through Gold Smuggling from Eastern Congo | 17 January 2013 | The Enough Project

As details about M23-linked gold smuggling from the conflict area underscores, the group maintains an extensive and lucrative network throughout the region, which undermines any hopes that the Kampala process alone will bring about lasting stability. Most recently, Congo’s neighbor, Burundi, has become a transit point for smuggling gold from Congo, according to Enough Project sources.

 

DR Congo Govt Doubts M23 Commitment to Truce | 21 January 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica

The DRC government has expressed doubt about the M23 rebel commitment to its unilateral ceasefire, saying the rebels have not respected the regional Heads of State directive to withdraw 20 kilometers outside Goma city.

 

M23 rebels impose new leaders – officials | 22 January 2013 | AFP | IOL News

M23 Accused of Imposing New Leaders, Taxes | 23 January 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica

Officials in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo accuse rebel force M23 of replacing traditional leaders and extorting heavy taxes from the people, while peace talks take place in Uganda under a ceasefire.

 

Kampala peace talks

Pourparlers de Kampala: le gouvernement et les rebelles du M23 adoptent l’ordre du jour | 17 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

The DRC Governement and the M23 rebels on Wednesday 16 January adopted the agenda of the peace talks they started in Kampala 10 December 2012. Four items will be discussed: review of the agreement of 23 March 2009 between the Government and the former rebel group CNDP, security issues, social, political and economic issues, and the mechanism of implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the Kampala agreement. The review of the agreement of 23 March 2009 has two parts: its evaluation, and the mechanisms for its implementation, as well as related issues.

 

Pourparlers de Kampala – Kinshasa se prépare à répondre aux griefs du M23 | 17 January 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica

The delegation of the Government of the DR Congo will reply Thursday 17 January to the various grievances expressed Wednesday by the M23 movement regarding the agreement of 23 March 2009, security, political, economic and social issues.

 

RDC: le gouvernement qualifie de « vaste blague » la demande du M23 de mettre en place une transition | 18 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Négociations RDC/M23 à Kampala : pas question d’une nouvelle transition, selon la RDC | 18 January 2013 | Radio des Nations Unies

The head of the Group of experts of the delegation of the DRC Government, the Rev Apollinaire Malu Malu, labelled the claims presented by the M23 during the plenary session on Wednesday 16 January as a “broad joke”. The rebellion had demanded the establishment of a national transition council to replace all the institutions of the DRC until the organisation of new elections.

 

DRC Government Rejects ‘Unconstitutional’ Rebel Demands | 18 January 2013 | Voice of America

The Democratic Republic of Congo’s government has ruled out what it calls ‘unconstitutional’ demands presented by the M23 rebels at talks in Kampala, Uganda. The M23 rebellion started out last April as a mutiny by a few hundred soldiers in Congo’s North Kivu province who were calling for the full implementation of a peace agreement signed on March 23, 2009. This week in Kampala the rebels tabled a much broader list of proposals.

 

Négociations de Kampala: Kinshasa et le M23 tomberont-ils d’accord? | 19 January 2013 | RFI | allAfrica

For several hours Saturday, the negotiators of the Kinshasa Government and the rebels of the M23 evaluated point by point the implementation of the agreement signed in Goma between Kinshasa and the CNDP on 23 March 2009.

 

Pourparlers de Kampala: l’ONG Pole Institute s’oppose au «partage du pouvoir» | 21 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Pole Institute is opposed to the idea of a power sharing agreement between the Government and the M23 rebels at the negotiations in Kampala.

 

RDC: impasse à Kampala? | 21 January 2013 | RFI

The discussions between the Government delegation and the rebels of the M23 do not seem to make much progress.

 

Kampala : un seul point de l’ordre du jour débattu depuis le début des pourparlers | 22 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

The review of the first item on the agenda of the talks between the Government and the M23 rebellion, concerning the evaluation of the agreement of 23 March 2009, started on Wednesday 16 January, is not yet exhausted. The Government and the rebels say the discussions have not come to a deadlock.

 

RDC: le dialogue de Kampala tourne au vinaigre pour le M23 | 22-23 January 2013 | RFI

The Kampala dialogue seems to turn out badly for the M23. The Ugandan mediator refused Tuesday 22 January to extend the negotiation to topics involving the legitimacy of Kabila’s regime. Disagreements appear in the M23 between those who want to continue the dialogue and others who want to slam the door.

 

RDC : le M23 demande au président ougandais de s’impliquer dans les négociations de Kampala | 23 January 2013 | RFI

Still no agreement in sight on the DRC between the M23 rebel movement and Kinshasa. Kinshasa wants to put an end to the talks quickly but the M23 insists on continuing the debate, and asks the Ugandan president to intervene.

 

M23 Rebels Threaten to Pull Out of Congo Talks Even as Negotiations Move Forward | 23 January 2013 | The Enough Project

Despite failing to see eye-to-eye on a range of issues up for discussion in the Kampala peace talks, the Congolese government and the M23 rebels moved ahead over the weekend with a review of the March 23, 2009 agreement that is officially at the crux of the movement’s rebellion. The Saturday session, which lasted well into the night, left both sides satisfied, according to Thomas Muiti, North Kivu civil society president.

 

 

Neutral International Force

Les armées d’ Afrique australe se mobilisent autour du Congo | 17 January 2013 | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman

Mobilisation à l’ordre du jour des armées des pays de la SADC déterminés à soutenir la RDC | 18 January 2013 | Digitalcongo.net

Six cents militaires tanzaniens en route pour sécuriser Goma dans le cadre du déploiement de la Force internationale neutre ! | 21 January 2013 | Le Palmarès | Digitalcongo.net

Military top-level representatives of the member states of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have met in Kinshasa behind closed doors to discuss the organisation of the Neutral International Force to be deployed between DRC and Rwanda.

 

Nord-Kivu : Roger Meece à Goma pour étudier les modalités de déploiement de la Force internationale neutre | 18 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Roger Meece, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General in DRC, is in Goma, North Kivu, to study the practical arrangements for the deployment of the future neutral international force.

 

Africa wants command and control of DRC force | 21 January 2013 | New Vision

During a meeting of army and their political heads on Sunday in Kampala, Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) and Southern Africa (SADC) military chiefs, Uganda’s minister of defence Dr. Crispus Kiyonga said that African countries should be given command and not be placed under the UN peacekeeping mission in Congo MONUSCO.

 

 

Drones to monitor the East?

UN seeks unmanned aircraft for use in DR Congo | 18 January 2013 | Flightglobal

The United Nations is seeking unmanned air vehicles for operations with peacekeeping forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Officials with the international organisation, which relies on member states to supply military forces, have made requests to at least two UAV-operating nations, France and the USA, to make systems available in support of its long-running stabilisation mission in the country, MONUSCO.

 

RDC: les drones renforceront les capacités de la Monusco et de l’armée, selon Roger Meece | 18 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

The use of drones to monitor the border between the DRC and Rwanda will reinforce the capacity of the peacekeepers of the United Nations mission in the DRC (Monusco) and the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) against the security challenges in the East of the country, Roger Meece, the head of Monusco, said.

 

No issue with US drones in DRC: Kagame | 21 January 2013 | Sapa-AP | IOL News

Rwandan President Paul Kagame says he has no problem with a United Nations plan to use surveillance drones in neighboring Congo. Kagame told a news conference Monday that if the U.N. thinks the drones will help achieve peace, then “let them do it.” He added that he doesn’t think Rwanda has the power to stop such a U.N. deployment.

 

RDC : des drones pour surveiller la frontière avec le Rwanda ? | 22 January 2013 | Jeune Afrique

The mission of the United Nations in DRC thinks of using drones to monitor the East of the country. Rwandan president Paul Kagame said Tuesday 22 January he doesn’t object.

 

La Monusco salue l’accord du Rwanda pour l’envoi des drones dans l’Est de la RDC | 23 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Monusco is satisfied that Rwanda, after Uganda and DRC, agrees to the use of drones within the borders of the three countries.

 

 

 

Report on PARECO militia, North Kivu

PARECO: Land, Local Strongmen and the Roots of Militia Politics in North Kivu | January 2013 | Rift Valley Institute

The RVI Usalama Project’s third report is an account of the origins and activities of PARECO, the Coalition des patriotes congolais résistants, a faction that emerged out of local grievances about land, grew strong as a response to the CNDP (the subject of the first Usalama Project report), and was then largely co-opted by North Kivu’s Hutu elites. ‘While PARECO was integrated into the national army in 2009,’ says the report author, Usalama Project director Jason Stearns, ‘the recent M23 rebellion threatens to give a new impetus to rural militias, including those with roots in the Hutu community, with devastating consequences for the civilian population.’

 

 

Clashes between Mai-Mai and new militia in Rutshuru territory, North Kivu

Nord-Kivu : 4 personnes tuées dans les affrontements entre deux milices à Kisharo | 23 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Three civilians and one Mai-Mai fighter were killed in clashes between Mai-Mai Shetani and fighters of the People’s Self-defence Movement (Mouvement populaire d’autodéfense, MPA), a new militia consisting mainly of Hutu youth, in Kisharo, more than 90 km to the northeast of Goma, in the territory of Rutshuru (North Kivu).

 

 

Child recruitment by armed groups in Masisi territory, North Kivu

Nord-Kivu : élèves et enseignants désertent les écoles à cause du recrutement des groupes armés à Mpati | 22 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

In the region of Mpati in the territory of Masisi, North Kivu, the M26 militia (ex-Nyatura), the FDLR and a faction of the Mai-Mai Pareco are all reported to forcibly recruit children.

 

 

Mai-Mai in South Kivu

RDC: d’anciens miliciens invitent les combattants Maï-Maï du Sud-Kivu à intégrer l’armée | 22 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

The armed groups Mai-Mai Yakutumba and Parti d’action et de la reconstruction du Congo-Force armée Alléluia (PARC-FAAL), who surrendered to the Congolese army, have started to sensitise other Mai-Mai groups operating in South-Kivu, to convince them to join the Congolese army.

 

La Monusco juge « volatile » la situation sécuritaire au Sud-Kivu | 23 January 2013 | Le Potentiel | allAfrica

According to Monusco, the Mai-Mai Mutomboki continue to consolidate their presence and commit violent actions against the population in the territories of Kalehe, Shabunda and Walungu.

 

 

FRPI militia in Ituri, Province Orientale

Bunia: le chef milicien Cobra Matata se dit prêt à réintégrer les FARDC | 17 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

The chief of the FRPI militia in Ituri, Matata Banaloki alias Cobra, has said he is ready to rejoin the ranks of the Congolese army with his men.

 

 

Article on militia chief Morgan, Mambasa territory, Ituri, Province Orientale

Rainforest riches a curse for civilians in northeast DRC | 23 January 2013 | IRIN

For the past 10 months, a little-known conflict in a marginalized corner of northeast DR Congo has left a trail of killing, abduction, rape and forced displacement, with few signs of an imminent resolution. The man most frequently associated with the recent violence is Paul Sadala, better known as Morgan.

 

 

Violence in Ango territory, Province Orientale

Province Orientale : des hommes armés tuent une personne et prennent 6 otages à Digba | 19 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Armed men have killed a man and abducted six persons in an ambush in Digba, in the territory of Ango, more than 600 km north of Kisangani, Province Orientale.

 

 

Mai-Mai violence in Katanga

Katanga: Moïse Katumbi appelle les jeunes à quitter les rangs des groupes Maï-Maï | 18 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Katanga Governor Moïse Katumbi made an appeal to the population of the north of the province to sensitise the young people to leave the Mai-Mai groups active in this part of the DRC.

 

Katanga: des Maï-Maï ont tué deux personnes au village de Mandumbwila | 22 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Mai-Mai militiamen have killed two people and destroyed several houses during an attack on the village of Mandumbwila, about 50 km from Bunkeya.

 

Two Hundred DRC Refugees Enter Mwense | 22 January 2013 | Times of Zambia | allAfrica

More than 200 refugees from Kasenga territory in the DR Congo have entered Zambia, Mwense District, through Katabulwe harbour on Luapula River. The Mwense District Commissioner says that, according to them, the refugees are running away from Government soldiers of their country because they are allegedly being accused of harbouring rebels. Recently, about 1,000 refugees entered Zambia through Kilwa Island in Nchelenge and Chiengi districts.

 

Katanga: les combats entre FARDC et Maï-Maï ont fait 13 morts à Kasenga | 23 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

An offensive of the Congolese army (FARDC) launched two weeks ago against the positions of the Mai-Mai group Kata Katanga in the territory of Kasenga has left 13 dead, one of whom a Congolese soldier, military sources said.

On another front, between Kasomeno and Kilwa, Mai-Mai militiamen reportedly looted a military truck.

 

Situation sécuritaire «préoccupante» dans les territoires de Kasenga et Pweto au Katanga | 23 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Interview with Interior Minister Richard Muyej on the worrying security situation in Katanga, especially in the territories of Kasenga and Pweto.

 

 

Study on Congolese army since independence

  1. Wondo: “La RDC ne peut devenir une nation forte sans une armée assainie” | 21 January 2013 | Mo | Ingeta

Interview with Jean-Jacques Wondo Omanyundu, author of “Les armées au Congo-Kinshasa. Radioscopie de la Force Publique au FARDC.”

 

 

 

Central African Republic

RCA: l’opposant Nicolas Tiangaye nommé Premier ministre | 17 January 2013 | RFI

Bozizé confirme Tiangaye à la primature, les détenus politiques de la Séléka libérés | 17 January 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle

Centrafrique : François Bozizé nomme Nicolas Tiangaye Premier ministre | 17 January 2013 | Afrik.com

Thursday 17 January, President François Bozizé appointed Nicolas Tiangaye as prime minister of the Government of national unity decided on in the Libreville peace agreement. Tiangaye was chosen by the democratic opposition and the Seleka rebel coalition. He is a renowned lawyer and ardent human rights advocate, respected by all. He is “a good person”, said Eric Massi, coordinator of Seleka.

 

Touadera sort et Tiangaye entre à la primature | 18 January 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle

Centrafrique: Un opposant premier ministre | 18 January 2013 | Africa Info (Douala) | allAfrica

Centrafrique : passation de pouvoir entre Touadéra et Tiangaye | 19 January 2013 | Afrik.com

In a ceremony held on 18 January in the presence of national and international authorities, outgoing prime minister Faustin Archange Touadéra handed over his office to Nicolas Tiangaye, prime minister of the Transition.

 

RCA: après l’accord de Libreville, sur le terrain la guerre s’est assoupie | 19 January 2013 | RFI | allAfrica

In CAR, with the signing of the Libreville agreement fighting ceased. The opposition member and lawyer Nicolas Tiangaye was appointed Prime Minister. And in Bangui, the formation of the Transitional Government is now awaited.

 

Centrafrique : Idriss Déby prolonge le mandat des forces tchadiennes | 20 January 2013 | Afrik.com

The president of Chad, Idriss Déby, announced that the deployment of Chadian troops in CAR as part of the multinational forces of MICOPAX is prolonged until 2014.

 

UN official disappointed by new reports of child soldiers in Central African Republic | 21 January 2013 | UN News Centre

La Représentante spéciale pour les enfants et les conflits armés condamne l’utilisation d’enfants-soldats en RCA | 21 January 2013 | UN News Centre

A top United Nations official today expressed disappointment after new reports of child recruitment by armed groups in the Central African Republic (CAR) that had previously made commitments to stop this practice.

 

Violation de l’accord de Libreville par la Séléka, la Majorité présidentielle réagit | 22 January 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle

Centrafrique : panique à Bangassou, le Séléka reprend son offensive | 23 January 2013 | Afrik.com

Several cases of pillage by Seleka rebels in the towns of Dimbi and Kembe, in the centre-east of CAR, have been reported.

 

Assassinat d’un gendarme à Kémbé, promesse d’une plainte contre Séléka bientôt à la CPI | 23 January 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle

Reportedly a gendarme was killed in Kembe during the capture of the town.

 

CAR Rebels Break Terms of Cease-Fire | 23 January 2013 | Voice of America

In a interview Wednesday with VOA’s French to Africa Service, Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye said elements of the Seleka rebel alliance had entered towns and vandalized government buildings, violating the accord between the government and rebels. “I regret these abuses made by some Seleka rebels and, by the way, Seleka itself acknowledged the situation and proposed sanctions for these rebels.   Fortunately, I do not think this will have any consequence on the peace process and the stability of the country,” he said.

 

 

Comments, analyses, field reports

Situation in Central African Republic Fragile Even as Rebels, Government Sign Peace Deal | 17 January 2013 | The Enough Project

After a month-long standoff, the Central African Republic government and a rebel alliance agreed upon a peace deal to end an uprising that threatened to spark a humanitarian crisis and un-seat President François Bozizé.

 

Nicolas Tiangaye Premier ministre, un chemin vers la paix semé d’embûches | 18 January 2013 | RFI

 

Bozizé back from the brink | 18 January 2013 | Africa Confidential

The deal to install an interim government belies how close the rebels came to toppling the President before allies – and luck – came to his rescue.

 

With Zuma to Bangui | 18 January 2013 | Africa Confidential

The presence of 400 South African soldiers in Bangui, backed by a group of mercenaries, does not mean that President Jacob Zuma is trying to take over France’s historic strategic role in the region, as many in the media have assumed.

 

RCA: les frustrations des rebelles après l’accord de Libreville | 20 January 2013 | RFI

Central African Republic: CAR Rebels Dissatisfied with Peace Accord | 22 January 2013 | Cameroon Tribune | allAfrica

Seleka rebel field commanders expressed dismay at the terms of the peace accords. According to Col. Hamadine Guidam, a former member of UFDR rebels, his men are not satisfied with the recent agreement because several of such deals had been signed in the past with no apparent results. He said the last agreement allowed President François Bozizé to continue in power for six years, but the people had continued to “live like monkeys with no roads, running water or schools.”

 

RCA: qui sont vraiment les combattants de la Seleka? | 21 January 2013 | RFI

We know that the Seleka rebellion is an alliance of previous rebellions. But all in all, it remains rather mysterious. Report.

 

Reprise de vie à Bangui, malgré l’attente de l’équipe Tiangaye | 21 January 2013 | Radio Ndeke Luka | Fondation Hirondelle

 

Formation d’un gouvernement en Centrafrique: le casse-tête de Nicolas Tiangaye | 22 January 2013 | RFI

Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye is now in function. Negotiations have begun to form the Transitional Government, which will be hard, because each camp has already expressed its demands. But it is the President that may present the most difficult challenge to Nicolas Tiangaye.

 

RCA: les forces internationales toujours à Bangui | 23 January 2013 | RFI

Several international forces are still present in the CAR. In addition to the Ugandans who hunt down the LRA in the southeast of the country, French, Central African and South African soldiers remain positioned in the capital. Report from Bangui.

 

Fragile Libreville agreement | 23 January 2013 | West Africa Newsletter

The terms of the Central African Republic peace agreement that was signed in Libreville on January 11 by Jean Willybiro Sako, the opposition and rebel forces hint at power struggles to come.

 

 

Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region

 

DRC 

$30.5 million urgently needed to su | 17 January 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb

pport humanitarian response in North Kiv30,5 millions de dollars nécessaires pour soutenir l’assistance humanitaire au Nord-Kivu | 17 January 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb

UN appeals for $30.5 million to support humanitarian response in eastern DR Congo | 17 January 2013 | UN News Centre

RDC : l’ONU demande 30,5 millions de dollars pour financer l’assistance humanitaire au Nord-Kivu | 17 January 2013 | UN News Centre

 

Democratic Republic of Congo – Sexual Violence Rife in Goma Camps | 17 January 2013 | MSF | allAfrica

 

Humanitarian Action in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Weekly Bulletin, 18 January 2013 | 18 January 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb

 

Bukavu/RDC : près de 5.800 ménages fuient les affrontements entre l’armée et des miliciens ; la réponse humanitaire s’organise | 18 January 2013 | Caritas | Reliefweb

35.000 déplacés après des combats entre l’armée et une milice dans l’Est | 22 January 2013 | AFP | Reliefweb

Walungu/Sud-Kivu : des humanitaires toujours préoccupés par la situation de 5.800 ménages déplacés | 23 January 2013 | Caritas | Reliefweb

 

Bulletin d’Information Humanitaire – Province du Sud-Kivu N° 04/13, 22 janvier 2013 | 22 January 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb

 

Uncertainty for Angolans stripped of refugee status in DRC | 22 January 2013 | IRIN

Some 40,000 former Angolan refugees in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are living in limbo, unwilling to go home but lacking legal status in DRC.

 

Bulletin d’information Humanitaire – Province du Nord-Kivu – N° 02/13 | 23 January 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb

 

Latest crisis in Congo DRC underlines link between hunger and conflict | 23 January 2013 | The Guardian

War is tipping fragile regions in Congo DRC into disaster and making it difficult for aid agencies to operate.

 

[Video] DR Congo: plight of the displaced | 23 January 2013 | ICRC | Reliefweb

[Video] RD Congo : l’errance des déplacés | 23 January 2013 | ICRC | Reliefweb

 

Uganda

Rehabilitation centre for Uganda’s LRA returnees to close | 18 January 2013 | IRIN

One of the only two remaining reception centres in northern Uganda helping reintegrate former members of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) is threatened with closure.

 

Burundi 

Les personnes affectées par le conflit au cœur du développement du Burundi | 19 January 2013 | PNUD-UNDP Burundi

 

Other

Central African Republic

Central African Republic Situation Report No. 3 (as of 17 January 2013) | 17 January 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb

Central African Republic: Crisis snapshot (as of 17 Jan. 2013) | 17 January 2013 | UNOCHA | Reliefweb

 

 

Central African Republic External Situation Report No. 3 | 17 January 2013 | WFP | HDPT CAR | Reliefweb

 

 

Zambia

Two Hundred DRC Refugees Enter Mwense | 22 January 2013 | Times of Zambia | allAfrica

More than 200 refugees from Kasenga territory in the DR Congo have entered Zambia, Mwense District, through Katabulwe harbour on Luapula River. The Mwense District Commissioner says that, according to them, the refugees are running away from Government soldiers of their country because they are allegedly being accused of harbouring rebels. Recently, about 1,000 refugees entered Zambia through Kilwa Island in Nchelenge and Chiengi districts.

 

 

 

Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region

 

Rwanda 

Genocide trial against Mugesera in Kigali

Trial of Professor Extradited From Canada Finally Starts in Rwanda | 17 January 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency | allAfrica

Le procès d’un universitaire extradé du Canada s’est ouvert sur le fond à Kigali | 17 January 2013 | Hirondelle News Agency | allAfrica

The trial started Thursday in Rwanda of Léon Mugesera, the former Rwandan politician extradited from Canada a year ago. Charges against him include incitement to commit the genocide of 1994. The linguist and former teacher at the University of Rwanda is charged notably in connection with a speech at a big public rally of his MRND party in November 1992.

Mugesera Trial Kicks Off | 18 January 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica

A Kigali, le procès de Léon Mugesera, ancien homme politique hutu | 19 January 2013 | RFI | allAfrica

Mugesera Supplied Guns ? Prosecution | 21 January 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica

The trial of Mugesera in substance opened last Thursday at the Special Chamber of the High Court. He was charged with several counts, including inciting the masses to take part in genocide, planning and preparing the genocide, conspiracy in the crime of genocide, torture as a crime against mankind, and inciting hatred among people.

 

Mugesera Says ‘Inyenzi’ Did Not Refer to Tutsis | 21 January 2013 | Rwanda Focus | allAfrica

Mugesera Starts His Defence | 22 January 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica

Genocide suspect Leon Mugesera yesterday denied the word inyenzi (cockroaches) is derogatory as he begun submitting his defence at the Special Chamber of the High Court.

 

I Was Never Influential, Mugesera Tells Court | 23 January 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica

 

Mugesera Trial Postponed | 23 January 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica

The trial of Genocide suspected Leon Mugesera was today postponed until Jan.28 after the defendant claimed sickness.

 

 

 

Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region.

 

DRC 

Gold smuggling

M23 Rebels Making Millions through Gold Smuggling from Eastern Congo | 17 January 2013 | The Enough Project

As details about M23-linked gold smuggling from the conflict area underscores, the group maintains an extensive and lucrative network throughout the region, which undermines any hopes that the Kampala process alone will bring about lasting stability. Most recently, Congo’s neighbor, Burundi, has become a transit point for smuggling gold from Congo, according to Enough Project sources.

 

Tin smuggling

Maniema : 5 tonnes de cassitérite saisies à Lubutu | 21 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Authorities seized five tons of cassiterite in Lubutu territory, more than 300 km north of Kindu, in Maniema province. These ores are extracted in Lubutu and fraudulently transported to Butembo in North Kivu.

 

 

International treaty on mercury in artisanal gold mining

Mercury Treaty Will Help Protect Right to Health | 19 January 2013 | Human Rights Watch

Le traité sur le mercure contribuera à protéger le droit à la santé | 19 January 2013 | Human Rights Watch

The international mercury treaty just agreed sends an important signal that governments must do more to address the threat of mercury to the right to health, Human Rights Watch said today. On January 19, 2013, 140 governments created the treaty after five rounds of intense talks, which began in 2010.

 

Artisanal miners complaining

Katanga : les creuseurs se plaignent de ne pas profiter de l’exploitation minière artisanale | 23 January 2013 | Radio Okapi

Katanga numbers about 50 mining cooperatives, each based in an artisanal mining zone created by the Ministry of Mines. More than five years after these mining zones were created, the living conditions of the artisanal miners have not improved.

 

 

 

Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region

 

DRC

EITI Report 2010

DR Congo discloses sobering figures on revenue from natural resources | 21 January 2013 | EITI

Democratic Republic of the Congo’s EITI disclosed last week the most comprehensive report of what their government receives from the country’s natural resources. The 2010 EITI Report reveals sobering figures that will inform the debate about how DRC’s extractives are being taxed. The revenues from oil and mining are around US$ 13 per capita, on par with those from agriculture.

 

 

Copper/cobalt

New Independent Resource Estimate More Than Doubles High-Grade Indicated Mineral Resources at Ivanplats’ Kamoa Copper Discovery in the Democratic Republic of Congo | 17 January 2013 | Ivanplats Limited | Marketwire

Ivanplats announced that a new, independent review of drilling results has more than doubled the current estimated Indicated Mineral Resources at Ivanplats’ Kamoa copper discovery in the Kolwezi district in Katanga province, DR Congo. Kamoa now ranks as Africa’s largest high-grade copper discovery and one of the world’s largest undeveloped copper deposits.

 

Mukuba Resources Signs Acquisition Agreement to Consolidate the Cominex Copper Project in the DRC | 21 January 2013 | Mukuba Resources Limited | Marketwire

Toronto, Ontario – Mukuba Resources Limited announces that it has signed a definitive acquisition agreement with Benzu Resources Limited dated January 16, 2013. Mukuba will acquire all of the copper assets held by Benzu Resources in the Katanga Copper Belt of the DR Congo. Benzu Resources is Mukuba’s joint venture partner at the Cominex Project in the DRC.

 

Lundin Mining Q4 and Full Year 2012 Production Results | 22 January 2013 | Lundin Mining Corporation | Marketwire

Toronto, Ontario – Lundin Mining Corporation reports its production results for the fourth quarter and full year 2012. Lundin Mining holds a 24% equity stake in the world-class Tenke Fungurume copper/cobalt mine in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

 

 

Oil & gas

Hydrocarbures : Crispin Atama innove encore, désormais son ministère doté d’un site web | 21 January 2013 | Digitalcongo.net

Hydrocarbures – Crispin Atama dote son ministère d’un site web ! | 22 January 2013 | La Prospérité | allAfrica

The Congolese Ministry of Hydrocarbons has launched a new website: www.hydrocarbures.gouv.cd.

 

 

Hydropower

Rwanda teams up with neighbours on hydropower prospects | 18 January 2013 | Engineering News

Rwanda has announced plans to partner with its neighbours in an effort to accelerate the construction of two hydropower plants as part of a $6-billion energy expansion programme. The East African country intends to partner with Burundi, Tanzania and the DRC in the construction of two hydropower plants with a combined generation capacity of 235 MW. The two projects are the $565-million 145 MW Rusizi III project on the Rusizi river, which will be developed in partnership with Burundi and DRC, and the $400-million 90 MW Rusumo Falls project, to be developed in partnership with Burundi and Tanzania.

 

Bangui to start selling power | 22 January 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence

The ramshackle state of the grid in the north of DR Congo is forcing donors to think of preparing stations in Central African Republic to supply Equateur province.

 

 

Uganda

Copper

Five Firms Shortlisted for Kilembe Mines | 17 January 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica

A short list of five international companies out of nine which expressed interest in investing in Kilembe Mines Limited has been recommended to proceed to the final stage of the privatisation process following a one-month procurement evaluation exercise.

 

 

Oil

More Oil Found, 17 New Wells for Tullow | 19 January 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica

While expectations on the sharing of oil revenues continue to build, most Ugandans will be pleased to know of additional discoveries of oil in Nwoya district in the Acholi sub-region by French oil and gas company Total SA.

 

Ex-Minister Suruma Advises On Oil Money for Pensions | 20 January 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica

Former minister of finance Dr. Ezra Suruma has advised that Government should consider allocating money from oil revenue, to strengthen the national welfare system with pensions, and universal health insurance to improve the lives of Ugandans.

 

 

Hydropower

Karuma Power Dam Technical Bids Completed | 22 January 2013 | New Vision | allAfrica

The technical re-evaluation process for the bids interested in the construction of the proposed 600 megawatt (MW) Karuma hydropower project has been completed.

 

Govt to Build 10 Mini Hydro Power Plants | 22 January 2013 | The Observer (Kampala) | allAfrica

The project is expected to connect electricity to 340,000 households, 800 SMEs.

 

 

Geothermal energy

Tapping of Geothermal Energy Finalized | 22 January 2013 | East African Business Week | allAfrica

Kampala, Uganda, is looking at the middle of this year as the time when the country will ascertain the geothermal potential and areas to be drilled. Speaking to the East African Business Week in an interview last week, Mr. Vincent Kato, the Principal Geologist at Geological Survey and Mines Department said that they had identified sites and four had been developed.

 

 

Rwanda

Tin-coltan

Solomon Targets Tin-Coltan Mineralization at Gipfizi Ridge in Rurembo Tin Project, Republic of Rwanda; Company Evaluating Placer Potential of Artisanal Mining District | 21 January 2013 | Solomon Resources | Marketwire

Vernon, British Columbia – Solomon Resources Limited reports that its Rwandan exploration crews have started preliminary exploration of the Gipfizi Ridge tin and coltan (niobium-tantalum) target, located 20 kilometers north of the town of Gitarama, Republic of Rwanda. Gipfizi Ridge is one of the five high priority follow-up areas identified in Solomon’s analysis of airborne geophysical data and geological mapping in the Rurembo Prospecting Licence area. This target includes a zone of active artisanal minesites identified in the inventory recently completed by the Company’s geological contractors.

 

 

Gas

ContourGlobal sees March start-up | 22 January 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence

The inauguration of the first section of ContourGlobal’s methane gas power plant on Lake Kivu is now scheduled for the end of March.

 

Gas Extraction Won’t Affect Lake Kivu, Experts | 22 January 2013 | The New Times | allAfrica

The extraction of the methane gas from the bed of Lake Kivu is not likely to affect the eco-system of the lake and the surrounding areas as had been feared by some experts. A study carried out by a joint Swiss-Rwandan-Congolese research project indicated that the natural stratification of Lake Kivu was unique and would not be affected in a way by the impending methane gas exploitation.

 

 

Hydropower

Rwanda teams up with neighbours on hydropower prospects | 18 January 2013 | Engineering News

Rwanda has announced plans to partner with its neighbours in an effort to accelerate the construction of two hydropower plants as part of a $6-billion energy expansion programme. The East African country intends to partner with Burundi, Tanzania and the DRC in the construction of two hydropower plants with a combined generation capacity of 235 MW. The two projects are the $565-million 145 MW Rusizi III project on the Rusizi river, which will be developed in partnership with Burundi and DRC, and the $400-million 90 MW Rusumo Falls project, to be developed in partnership with Burundi and Tanzania.

 

 

Burundi

Hydropower

Rwanda teams up with neighbours on hydropower prospects | 18 January 2013 | Engineering News

Rwanda has announced plans to partner with its neighbours in an effort to accelerate the construction of two hydropower plants as part of a $6-billion energy expansion programme. The East African country intends to partner with Burundi, Tanzania and the DRC in the construction of two hydropower plants with a combined generation capacity of 235 MW. The two projects are the $565-million 145 MW Rusizi III project on the Rusizi river, which will be developed in partnership with Burundi and DRC, and the $400-million 90 MW Rusumo Falls project, to be developed in partnership with Burundi and Tanzania.

 

 

Central African Republic 

Oil

Seleka also replaces Grynberg | 22 January 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence

Just as Central African Republic was about to recover rights on oil prospects in the north of the country they were occupied by rebels from the Seleka movement.

 

Dig Oil halted in its tracks | 22 January 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence

A rebellion by the Seleka coalition is preventing the only two oil companies active in Central African Republic from working. And it’s cooled the ardour of those wanting to invest in CAR.

 

Hydropower

Bangui to start selling power | 22 January 2013 | Africa Energy Intelligence

The ramshackle state of the grid in the north of Democratic Republic of Congo is forcing donors to think of preparing stations in Central African Republic to supply Equateur province.

 

 

Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region 

 

 

Compliance with Dodd-Frank ‘Conflict minerals’ rules

U.S. Conflict Minerals: Background and Proposed Rule | 19 January 2013 | EHS Journal

This is the first of a multi-part series of EHS Journal articles that provide background and guidance on the final rules for Dodd-Frank Conflict Minerals (DFCM) published by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on August 22, 2012. For most companies, DFCM requirements become effective beginning in calendar year 2013.

 

Conflict Minerals: Compliance Challenges Ahead as Businesses Worry About Penalization | 21 January 2013 | CSRwire

New U.S. reporting requirements on sourcing “conflict minerals” create challenges and opportunities for companies.

 

US industry lawsuit against Dodd-Frank conflict minerals rules

Business Groups Fully Brief “Conflict Minerals” Legal Challenge | 17 January 2013 | The Wall Street Journal

Several business groups challenging new rules that require companies to disclose whether their products contain minerals blamed for fueling violence in Africa said Wednesday regulators hadn’t adequately analyzed the rules’ impact.

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the National Association of Manufacturers and the Business Roundtable asked the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit to vacate the “conflict-mineral” rules in October. The groups fully explained their arguments for the first time on Wednesday in a 75-page brief.

 

US oil industry lawsuit against Dodd-Frank transparency rules

Congress joins the fight against Big Oil’s anti-transparency lawsuit | 18 January 2013 | Publish What You Pay USA

Prominent members of Congress submitted legal briefs this week to the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit to defend a landmark transparency law against an oil industry lawsuit. The law requires oil and mining companies to publish their payments to the U.S. and foreign governments for resource extraction.

The lawsuit is led by the American Petroleum Institute (API), the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the International Petroleum Producers Association and others. It seeks to overturn Section 1504 or the Cardin-Lugar Amendment of the Dodd-Frank Financial Reform Act, as well as implementing regulations approved in August 2011 after a 2-year rulemaking process by the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

DRC

EITI Report 2010

DR Congo discloses sobering figures on revenue from natural resources | 21 January 2013 | EITI

Democratic Republic of the Congo’s EITI disclosed last week the most comprehensive report of what their government receives from the country’s natural resources. The 2010 EITI Report reveals sobering figures that will inform the debate about how DRC’s extractives are being taxed. The revenues from oil and mining are around US$ 13 per capita, on par with those from agriculture.

 

 

Dodd-Frank Conflict minerals & transparency rules

See

The 2010 EITI report for the DRC was disclosed last week, showing that the State revenues from oil and mining are on par with those from agriculture.

 

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