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Democratic Republic of the Congo

Arms Trade Corridors to Burundi

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Burundi has seen a period of unrest following the failed coup d’état by a Burundian general in May 2015. In order to better understand the situation, IPIS drafted a new map entitled ‘Arms transport to Burundi’, which puts the 2015 unrest in the geographical perspective of the Great Lakes region and in the relevant timeframe […]

Pillage route: l’économie politique des barrages routiers à Walikale et Masisi

French version below – version française ci-dessous Roadblocks are a ubiquitous phenomenon in Eastern Congo. In an effort to map the scope of this phenomenon as well as its significance in the political economy of conflict, IPIS has embarked on a collaboration with the Danish Institute for International Studies. The point of departure is that […]

Analysis of the interactive map of artisanal mining areas in eastern DR Congo – 2015 update

The Belgian research group IPIS has collected data on 2026 artisanal mining sites in eastern DRC over the last couple of years. IPIS observed an armed presence in more than half of the mines. In an interactive map, updated in 2015, IPIS provides information about the on-site presence of armed groups and the Congolese army […]

Third Party Review of the Bisie Security Report

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The so-called ‘Bisie Mineral Stock’ encompasses about 1,000 tons of cassiterite, extracted by artisanal miners at Bisie mines between November 2010 and June 2015. A number of bans on mining and mineral trade in this region, as well as some hesitance further down the supply chain to buy untagged minerals, meant that mineral production was […]

Coloured gemstones in eastern DRC: Tourmaline exploitation and trade in the Kivus

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Responsible sourcing efforts in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to date have focused predominantly on the so-called 3TG (tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold) sector. Nevertheless, the artisanal exploitation of other minerals including semi-precious gemstones, such as tourmaline, can also make notable contributions to local livelihoods […]

Pierres de couleur dans l’est de la RDC: L’exploitation et le commerce de la tourmaline dans les provinces du Kivu

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Jusqu’à présent, les principaux efforts d’approvisionnement responsable en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC) se sont principalement concentrés sur le secteur des 3TG, c’est-à-dire la cassitérite (Tin), la wolframite (Tungsten), le coltan (Tantalum) et l’or (Gold). Cependant, l’exploitation artisanale d’autres types de minerais, comme les pierres précieuses et semi-précieuses,[…]

Extractive Orders: a political geography of public authority in Ituri, DR Congo

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Public authority is an essentially contested concept in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Not only is the ‘state of the state’ subject to profound disagreement in academic debates, but public authority on the ground is also the focal point of heated contestation. While some argue that the DRC does not exist as a state […]

Mineral supply chains and conflict links in eastern democratic republic of congo

Between 2009 and 2010 IPIS collected data on over 550 mining sites as part a conflict mapping exercise focusing on Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). With the collaboration of Congolese researchers, IPIS collected the coordinates of the most important mining sites and information on on-site security in North and South Kivu provinces, Maniema, Northern […]