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IPIS’ Latest Publications
Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region
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Justice and Tribunals
Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

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Severe violence has broken out in the Kivus, where mutineers loyal to Bosco Ntaganda, who have left the National Army – the FARDC – have reportedly taken control of several towns in Masisi. In Walikale, rebels supporting Mai-Mai Commander Sheka Ntaberi have also purportedly claimed territory.
The security situation renders it hard to substantiate exact details of many reports, however it appears that the FARDC have had to withdraw from a number of areas. By April the 30th, reports of successful counter-of
fensives claimed that the FARDC had regained some areas of Masisi and Rutshuru (North Kivu), which were occupied by rebels.
Food prices have dramatically risen in Goma, and thousands of people have fled or been displaced. UNCHR report that 2000 Congolese have fled to Rwanda. Thousands are also reported to have crossed the border into Uganda.
For an analysis of the dynamics behind the conflict, see Jason Stearn’s commentary on Congo Siasa.
US forces are continuing their support to counter the LRA, who have reportedly now split into small groups.
Charles Taylor was convicted on Thursday for his role in assisting the rebel movement in Sierra Leone. Taylor was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity including murder, rape and slavery, a landmark and long awaited judgement.
Regarding natural resources, DRC-based Joseph Banga, writing for the Guardian, comments on the urgency of the EU passing solid transparency laws, “The EU transparency and accounting directives that are supposed to be adopted by June can only make a difference if they are not watered down. Our friends in the EU must demonstrate their commitment to Africa's development and turning the tide on poverty and injustice by not hindering the passage of these two directives.”
Meanwhile Global Witness staged a protest at the EU regarding this legislation. Furthermore, along with the International Land Coalition and the Oakland Institute, they have also released a report on why it is vital to transform the secretive culture behind large-scale land deals. 


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IPIS’ Latest Publications


Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)

At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.

Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS

Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification.

Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS

Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region. 

Opinion on African peacekeeping 
Africa: Does the Continent Need a Different Approach to Peacekeeping? | 25th April | The New Times | allAfrica
Uganda-Rwanda Police Forces’ MOU
Rwanda: Uganda and Nation's Police Forces Sign a MOU | 28th April | News of Rwanda | allAfrica
Uganda and Rwanda Police forces have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) meant to enhance bilateral cooperation of the two institutions.
Afrique Centrale: La forte militarisation de la région inquiète | 25th April | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Central Africa: LRA Raids in Central Africa Gain Intensity | 27th April | The Observer | allAfrica
The Lord's Resistance Army has intensified its acts of terror in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Central African Republic, but reduced on the same in South Sudan, according to a UN agency's first quarter of 2012 assessment. The Office of the Coordination of Human Rights (OCHA) released a report last week in which it says a total of 53 LRA attacks were reported in the two countries over this period.
US continues anti-LRA efforts
Central Africa: U.S. Supports Pushback Against Lord's Resistance Army | 26th April | United States Africa Command
US uses advanced intelligence to hunt LRA in Central Africa | 30th April | VoA
The United States states that it is part of a successful effort to help counter the Lord's Resistance Army in Central Africa, but a four-pillared approach to neutralising the terrorist group must continue, senior defense, diplomatic and aid officials told senators in Washington, D.C., April 24, 2012.
Uganda claims Sudan supports LRA
Ugandan army says Sudan is backing Joseph Kony's LRA | 30th April | BBC News Africa
East Africa: Sudan Is Backing Joseph Kony's LRA, Says Uganda | 30th April | Sudan Tribune
The Ugandan army says the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) led by Joseph Kony is being supported and supplied by the Sudanese government.
AU Panel deliberates peace and security governance
Africa: AU Panel Deliberating On Strengthening Political Governance for Peace, Security, Stability | 27th April | ENA | allAfrica
The Panel of the Wise of the African Union (AU), which is one of the pillars of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), is deliberating on strengthening Political Governance for Peace, Security and Stability in Africa in Tunis, Tunisia, from 27 to 29 April 2012, to be followed by the 12th meeting of the Panel on 30 April 2012.
Security Sector Reform in DRC
Can a Post-Election Push for Security Sector Reform Work in the DRC? | 26th April | Global Observatory
Is the necessary political will of the Congolese government and political cohesion of the international community there this time to make this post-election SSR push work in the DRC?


DRC: violent clashes between the army and former rebel soldiers
RDC : violents affrontements entre l'armée et des soldats ex-rebelles | 29th April | Agence France-Presse
Residents flee as DR Congo army, rebels clash | 29th April | Agence France-Presse
Civilians die in army deserters' attack on DR Congo troops | 1st May | Agence-France Presse
Des combats au Congo-Kinshasa | 29th April | BBC Afrique
L’épreuve du feu pour la force de réaction rapide à Goma | 1st May | Le Soir – Colette Braeckman
Congolese Flee Rebel Attacks | 30th April | The New Times | allAfrica
About 100 people were forced to flee as fierce clashes broke out between government troops and rebel forces in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, an army commander said Sunday. "Violent clashes involving heavy weapons are ongoing close to Mweso (Nord-Kivu province) between soldiers who have left the army and loyalist forces," an army commander, who was participating in the combat, told AFP by telephone. He did not give details on injuries or deaths but added that "about a hundred people have fled Mweso in the direction of another village, Kitschanga", located about 20 kilometres (13 miles) away.
Bosco Ntaganda
Wanted – the Terminator | 27th April | Africa Confidential
A general has become a rebel again and the patchwork of militias integrated into the army is unravelling and endangering security
CNDP statement
RDC: Ntaganda dit ne pas être impliqué | 1st May | BBC Afrique
BBC reports that the CNDP, the political party associated with both Bosco Ntaganda and the party of many former rebels who have recently mutineered, released a statement on the 30th April. The statement declared that the DRC government is fully responsible for the current situation because of peace agreement failures. The text also denied that the mutiny is intended to protect General Ntaganda.
Kony’s daughter with UPDF
Uganda: UPDF Rescues Kony's Daughter | 24th April | The Observer | allAfrica
One of the older daughters of Joseph Kony, the Lord's Resistance Army leader, is reportedly in the hands of the Uganda People's Defence Forces, which rescued her from the jungles of the Central African Republic.
German ambassador security concerns
Sud Kivu : « la situation sécuritaire requiert une attention particulière », affirme l’ambassadeur allemand | 30th April | Radio Okapi
The German Ambassador in DRC has stated that the several security situations need urgent attention.
Civil society in Goma pleased at soldier transfer
Goma : la société civile satisfaite de la mutation des FARDC à Kananga | 26th April | Radio Okapi
Civil society in North Kivu is satisfied with the transfer of nearly a thousand soldiers to the Kananga, Kasai Occidental. 

FARDC in Bashali Mokoto struggling to be deployed
Nord-Kivu: après la mutation des troupes à Kananga, le 806è régiment des FARDC peine à se déployer à Bashali Mokoto | 27th April | Radio Okapi 
The 806th regiment of FARDC soldiers transferred to Kananga (Kasai Occidental), have been struggling for a week to deploy in the group Bashali Mokoto, Masisi territory (North Kivu) because deserters from the 8th Region military are trying to occupy the field.
Community radios
Congo-Kinshasa: Army Use of Invisible Children Community Radios May Endanger Civilians | 28th April | RNW | allAfrica
Advocacy group Invisible Children allows the Congolese government army to access its Early Warning Radio Network in Congo, Radio Netherlands Worldwide learned. Humanitarian experts warn this could turn villagers into rebel targets, but others say denying access would make the work more dangerous.
300 deserters join Maï-Maï Sheka in Walikale
Nord-Kivu: 300 militaires déserteurs rejoignent le chef milicien Maï-Maï Sheka | 26th April | Radio Okapi
Three hundred deserters from the FARDC have rallied around Sheka, rebel leader of the Mai-Mai group NDC, operating in Walikale territory (North Kivu). The security of this province states that the alliance between Sheka and Ntaganda intends to control the mining areas for Finds of gold mining and cassiterite in the region .
Mai-Mai attack police station in Ngumo.
Nord-Kivu: les miliciens Maï-Maï tuent un policier à Ngumo | 27th April | Radio Okapi 
On Thursday, April the 26 Mai Mai fighters killed a policeman and wounded two others during the attack on the police station of Ngumo town, twenty kilometers south-east of the city of Beni (North Kivu).
Kivu fighting
As fighting in Kivus intensifies, deeper problems linger | 30th April | Congo Siasa
The weekend saw a confusing situation develop in North Kivu, with serious fighting breaking out for the first time between Bosco's troops in Masisi and the Congolese army.
Defections North Kivu
Congo-Kinshasa: Trois officiers FARDC font défection au Nord-Kivu | 25th April | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
A new wave of desertions of officers has been recorded in the FARDC in North Kivu. The latest is that of three officers, including a commander of the 1st Battalion of the 812th regiment based in Ngungu, south east of Masisi center.
Mai Mai repelled in Beni
Congo-Kinshasa: L'armée régulière repousse des Maï-Maï à Beni | 25th April | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Government troops reportedly repelled, on Tuesday, April 24, Mai-Mai militiamen who wanted to take control of the military camp Ozacaf in Beni, North Kivu.
Civil society call for peace in North Kivu
Nord-Kivu : la société civile propose l’organisation de concertation pour l’instauration de la paix | 28th April | Radio Okapi
Civil society in North Kivu called for an agreed solution to achieve peace in the province on Saturday, April 28 a few days after several attacks in different parts of the province by armed groups.
Mai-Mai Cheka take control of Luvungi
Nord-Kivu : les Maï-Maï Cheka contrôlent la localité de Luvungi | 29th April | Radio Okapi
The Mai-Mai Cheka and its allies took control, on Friday, April 27, of Luvungi, 65 km west of Walikale in North Kivu.
Masisi territories under rebel control
Nord-Kivu: les mutins proches de Bosco Ntaganda assiègent Karuba | 30th April | Radio Okapi
Mutinous soldiers close to Bosco Ntaganda, gained control at dawn on Monday, April of several localities of the territory of Masisi in Karuba, 37 km northwest of Goma on the road Mushaki (North Kivu).

15 die in FARDC and rebel clashes
Nord-Kivu: les combats entre FARDC et mutins font 15 morts à Ngungu | 30th April | Radio Okapi
Fifteen people, including three women civilians, were killed on Monday 30 April, during clashes between the FARDC and rebel soldiers close to General Bosco Ntaganda, in the town of Ngungu, Masisi territory (North Kivu). According to local sources, people emptied the town to seek refuge in Goma, capital of the province, whilst others have gone Minova where to find refuge in host families.
Mushake and Karuba seized by rebels
Bosco 'Terminator' Ntaganda takes over DR Congo towns | 30th April | BBC News Africa
Troops loyal to Bosco Ntaganda, wanted by the International Criminal Court, have taken two towns in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, Mushake and Karuba.
FARDC aim to reclaim territory
DR Congo army pursuing rebels after clashes | 30th April | Reliefweb
The Congolese army said on Monday that it has launched an operation to reclaim territory lost after weekend clashes with rebels loyal to a wanted indicted war criminal.
Mai-Mai Pareco in Kirumba
Nord-Kivu : des Maï-Maï Pareco attaquent des positions des FARDC à Kirumba, 2 morts et 3 blessés | 1st May | Radio Okapi
Two people were killed and three others seriously injured on Monday, April 30 in the evening during the attacks on the military camp of the FARDC by elements of the Mai-Mai Pareco in Kirumba, 26 kilometers north of Kanyabayonga (North Kivu). According to military sources, the attackers came from Mbuavinywa 47 kilometers northwest of Kanyabayonga.
North Kivu governor denies insurgency
Nord-Kivu: Julien Paluku nie la chute de certaines localités aux mains des insurgés | 1st May | Radio Okapi
The governor of North Kivu, Julien Paluku, dismissed reports that insurgents have taken control of several towns in this province.
FARDC recover areas
Nord-Kivu: les FARDC récupèrent quelques localités occupées par les insurgés | 1st May | Radio Okapi
In a counter-offensive launched Monday, April 30 in the evening, the FARDC regained some localities of Masisi and Rutshuru (North Kivu), which were occupied by rebels for two days, announced military sources.
Luberzi community head shot
Sud-Kivu: l’ancien chef de collectivité Ndabagoy abattu à son domicile | 26th April | Radio Okapi 
The former head of the community la plaine de la Ruzizi,, Mwami Ndabagoy, was shot four times in the head on the night of Thursday, April 26 at his home in Luberizi, South Kivu. According to the commander of the 104th regiment of the FARDC, the murder has created a strong tension within the population of the territory, where two large communities vie for power.



Rwanda-US military exchange
Rwanda: U.S., Defense Force Personnel Exchange Best Practices | 30th April | USAC | allAfrica
Five personnel assigned to Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa exchanged best practices with soldiers from the Rwandan Defense Forces on April 2-14.


Guinea-Bissau army releases former leaders | 28th April | Aljazeera
W.Africa bloc to send troops to coup-hit Bissau | 26th April | Reuters Africa
Selected news reports on the political and security situation in Guinea-Bissau
South Sudan
South Sudan’s president visits China during crisis  | 25th April | Washington Post
A political and military test | 28th April | Africa Condifential
Sudan/ South Sudan – Adoption of a road map by the African Union Peace and Security Council | 25th April | France Diplomatie  
Security Council urges immediate ceasefire between Sudan and South Sudan | 24th April | UN News centre
Sudan's Bashir threatens war against South Sudan | 26th April | Pambazuka
Selected news reports on the political and security situation in Sudan and South Sudan 
Mali prime minister forms new government | 25th April | Washington Post
ECOWAS troops for Guinea-Bissau and Mali | 27th April | Al Jazeera
Mali Heading Closer to Civil War | 30th April | IPS            
Mali: Coup leader rejects ECOWAS terms | 30th April | Pambazuka
Mali gets post-coup government, facing crisis in north | 26th April | Reuters Africa
Selected news reports on the political and security situation in Mali


Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region


Civilians flee in Eastern DRC
RDC : des civils fuient les combats | 30th April | BBC Afrique
In eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, thousands of civilians are fleeing the fighting between the FARDC and mutineers.
Pweto official calls for return of communities
Katanga: 9000 déplacés vivent difficilement à Kabola | 28th April | Radio Okapi
The administrator of the territory of Pweto, Celestin Ngombe Mwamba, has plead for the return of nine thousand households in Kabola to their communities of origin, in Kasongo Mwana in Mitwaba territory (Katanga). He has complained that these families, who are fleeing the atrocities of Mai-Mai militia, live without assistance and are exposed to cholera and severe malnutrition.
UNOCHA Reports
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province de l'Equateur N° 17/12, 23 avril 2012 | 26th April | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Multi-faceted Humanitarian Crisis | 30th April | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Humanitarian Action in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Weekly Bulletin - 27 April 2012 | 30th April | UNOCHA
Nord Kivu - rapport humanitaire mensuel, Mars 2012 | 30th April | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Sud-Kivu -Rapport hebdomadaire N° 17/12, 25 avril 2012 | 25th April | Reliefweb
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord Kivu - N° 16/12, 24 avril 2012 | 25th April | UNOCHA | Reliefweb 



2000 Congolese flee to Rwanda
RDC: 2.000 Congolais fuient au Rwanda pour échapper aux combats dans l'est | 1st May | Agence France-Presse | Reliefweb
More than 2,000 Congolese fled to Rwanda to escape intense fighting in the East. 



Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region

Charles Taylor verdict 

Charles Taylor, former Liberian leader, found guilty of war crimes | 26th April | Washington Post
War crimes court finds Charles Taylor guilty | 27th April | Al Jazeera
Charles Taylor found guilty of international crimes committed in Sierra Leone | 26th April | FIDH
Special Court for Sierra Leone/Charles Taylor judgement – Statement by Alain Juppé, Ministre d'Etat, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs | 26th April | France Diplomatie
Telling people about Taylor's trial | 25th April | OSISA
UN officials welcome court’s guilty verdict in Charles Taylor trial | 26th April | UN News Centre
Charles Taylor, the U.S.-educated guerrilla leader who fought his way to the presidency of Liberia, was convicted Thursday of war crimes and crimes against humanity — including murder, rape and slavery — for his role in assisting a bloody rebel movement in neighbouring Sierra Leone.

Genocide fugitives in Uganda
Uganda: Over 2000 Gacaca Fugitives Are Hiding in Uganda | 28th April | News of Rwanda | allAfrica
Police statistics show that there are over 2, 000 genocide fugitives who fled to the neighbouring Uganda in evasion of the gacaca courts.
States Urged to Arrest Genocide Suspects
East Africa: EAC States Urged to Arrest Genocide Suspects | 1st May | The New Times
The East African Community (EAC) Secretary General, Dr Richard Sezibera, has called upon member countries of the bloc to capture the suspects of 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi who are still roaming within the region and bring them to justice.

The justice flaws of Kony2012
All eyes on 'bad guy' Kony lets Ugandan army walk
Opinion article: "If Kony goes to the ICC, then also Museveni should go." Many believe that the conflict in Uganda is too complex to be a simple 'good guy vs. bad guy' story. If Kony and his top commanders are to be tried by the International Criminal Court, so too should the Ugandan army.


Bemba reparations
Indemnisation des victimes sexuelles du procès Bemba retardée | 24th April | RCA | Hirondelle
Victims of the trial of Jean-Pierre Bemba are still waiting for their compensation.
Bemba trial resumes
Congo-Kinshasa: Victims to Testify in Bemba Trial This Week | 30th April | Bemba Trial Website | allAfrica
After a one month hiatus, Jean-Pierre Bemba's trial at the International Criminal Court (ICC) is set to resume on Tuesday to hear the testimony of select victims participating in the proceedings.
Bernard Ntaganda sentence upheld
Rwanda: Supreme Court Upholds Ntaganda's Sentence | 28th April | The New Times | allAfrica
The Supreme Court, yesterday morning, upheld a four-year jail sentence handed to the leader of a faction of PS-Imberakuri party, Bernard Ntaganda, by the High Court.
Lubanga sentence
Lubanga case: Chamber to hear submissions for sentencing on 13 June | 25th April | Reliefweb
On 24 April 2012, Trial Chamber I of the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an order fixing the date to hear oral submissions for sentencing in the case The Prosecutor v. Thomas Lubanga Dyilo. The hearing is scheduled to start on 13 June 2012.



Ingabire will be sentenced on June 29th
Rwanda: Ingabire Verdict Set for June 29 | 25th April | Rwanda Focus | allAfrica 
At the final day of the trial against Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza and her four co-accused, the prosecution on Wednesday requested the Kigali High Court to hand her a life sentence and a fine of Frw 1.4 million.
Mugesera to be tried in French
Rwanda: Léon Mugesera to Be Tried in Kinyarwanda | 28th April | The New Times | allAfrica
The High Court yesterday rejected Genocide suspect Léon Mugesera's plea to be tried in French. Mugesera had appealed a decision by the Nyarugenge Intermediate Court to have his trial conducted in Kinyarwanda. "The pre-trial detention hearings have all been conducted in Kinyarwanda and he has clearly shown he understands and speaks Kinyarwanda," Judge Anthanase Bakuzakunde said in court.
Rwandan in Denmark faces genocide trial
Rwanda: Danish Court Okays Trial of Genocide Suspect | 30th April | the New Times | allAfrica
A Rwandan man residing in Denmark can be tried by the Danish courts for his alleged role in the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, the Supreme Court announced yesterday.


Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region.

Landgrabbing report
Dealing with Disclosure: Improved transparency in large land deals | 25th April | Global Witness
Since 2008, the rush for land in developing countries has rapidly intensified but the sector remains largely unregulated and land deals are frequently agreed in secret between governments and investors. The report, Dealing with Disclosure, launched today by Global Witness, the International Land Coalition and the Oakland Institute, looks at why it is vital to transform the secretive culture behind large scale land deals and, for the first time, sets out in detail what tools governments, companies and citizens can harness to ensure that this happens.
Land grabbing
Land Rush Continues, Deals Target Poor, Group Says | 27th April | Bloomberg
Africa: Visualisation tool on land deals now available | 29th April | Pambazuka
The global rush to buy farmland continues, and international investors are focusing on the poorest countries with weak land-rights security for deals, according to a report by the Land Matrix research group. The Land Matrix is an online public database of large-scale land deals. It provides a visualisation of records documenting land deals since 2000.
Gold in West Africa
West African gold - great opportunities, complex risks | 26th April |
A fast changing socio-political environment presents a multiplicity of challenges for gold miners in West Africa, one of the world's most prospective regions for gold exploration and production.
Foreign interests and natural resources
From fracking to water rights: How foreign interests are cleaning out Africa | 23rd April | Africa Files
An overview of the many ways in which foreign interests and powers are drawing on Africa’s resources of land, water, minerals, timber, biofuels and others. This is usually done in the name of development or aid.
Cobalt recycling
Cobalt Recycling Needed to Combat China, Congo Supply Control | 27th April | Cobalt Investing News
Cobalt is a mineral that is crucial for several applications, including superalloys and batteries for phones, laptops, and electric vehicles. The Democratic Republic of the Congo supplies nearly two-thirds of the world’s cobalt, most of which is refined in China. Hence, recycling cobalt is important, especially in countries that do not produce the metal. And the trend is growing.


AngloGold Mongbwalu mine occupied by soldiers
AngloGold DRC mine threatened by tens of thousands of ex-fighters | 1st May | Mineweb
AngloGold's DRC gold project "invaded" by artisanal miners | 1st May | IRJ 
AngloGold Ashanti said on Monday its Mongbwalu gold mine in Democratic Republic of Congo faces the obstacle of tens of thousands of ex-fighters already mining the area who do not want to leave.
Global: Africa Today interview on land grabs and the DRC | 29th May | Pambazuka
In this episode of Africa Today, Walter Turner interviews Anuradha Mittal from the Oakland Institute on land grabs in Africa and speaks with Kambele Musavuli from Friends of the Congo on resource exploitation and contemporary developments in the DRC.
Responsible forestry programme launched
Congo-Kinshasa: Lancement du programme «Initiative sur la gouvernance forestière responsable» | 25th April | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
The "Initiative sur la gouvernance forestière responsable" (RFGI) is now operational in the DRC. A meeting, held Tuesday, April 24, 2012 at the headquarters of the representation of the Union World Conservation, launched this program. It comprises of comparative research and training on environmental governance across Africa, jointly set implemented by the CORDESIA, IUCN and the University of Illinois.
Forestry education
Congo-Kinshasa: Les ministères de l'ESU et de l'Environnement organisent un atelier sur la relance de la formation des ingénieurs et techniciens en foresterie | 25th April | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Departments of the ESU and the Environment have organised a workshop to consider how to boost the training of engineers and technicians in forestry. 



China invests in Kilembe copper mine
Chinese firm to invest $100m in Uganda copper mine | 30th April | Mining Weekly
China's Gingko Energy Company plans to invest $100-million over a five-year period to revive production at Kilembe copper mine in western Uganda, the African country's president's office said.
Museveni’s oil assurances
Uganda: Museveni Assures Citizens On Oil | 26th April | The New Vision
President Yoweri Museveni has assured Ugandans and the international community of the Government's commitment in ensuring proper use of the country's oil and gas resources in eradicating poverty and creating lasting value to society. 



Oil exploration results
Rwanda: Oil Exploration Results Due in June | 26th April | The New Times | allAfrica
The final interpretation results of a two-dimensional (2D) marine seismic oil survey carried out in the East Lake Kivu Graben will be released in June, according to a statement from the Ministry of Natural Resources.

Oil exploration ongoing 
Rwanda: Ongoing Oil Exploration | 25th April | News of Rwanda | allAfrica
The Government of Rwanda through the Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA) and Vanoil, a Canadian Company, entered into an agreement to embark on airborne magnetic and gravity survey as an initial step to delineate and oil exploration area, which was conducted from September 2008 to December 2008. Currently, the Petroleum Exploration Program has been transferred from the Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA) to the Ministry of Natural Resources (MINIRENA).
Illicit trade
Rwanda: Illicit Trade Hurting Tax Revenues | 1st May | The New Times | allAfrica
Rwanda: UN Alert Over Border Security | 1st May | The New Times | allAfrica
Treasury is losing a "substantial" amount of money due to smuggling and fraudulent practices among taxpayers in the midst of efforts to raise domestic revenues to bridge the budget deficit.


Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region

Mining tenders in Africa
Tenders in Africa | 27h April | Mining Weekly 


AngloGold expects results by 2013
AngloGold sees first gold at Congo's Mongbwalu mine next year | 30th April | Mineweb
The miner is aiming to start pouring gold at its Mongbwalu mine, which lies in the formerly war-torn region of Ituri in the DRC, by the end of 2013.
Banro update
Banro's Provides Operations Updates for Twangiza Mine and Namoya Mine Development Project, DRC | 25thApril | Marketwire
Banro Corporation ("Banro" or the "Company") (TSX:BAA)(NYSE Amex:BAA) provides an operations update for its Twangiza oxide mine and its Namoya development project, both located on the Twangiza - Namoya gold belt in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (the "DRC").
Mongbwalu construction started
AngloGold sees 2013 production at DRC's Mongbwalu | 30h April | Mining Weekly
BUNIA, Democratic Republic of Congo - AngloGold Ashanti has started construction at its confirmed 2.5-million ounces deposit Mongbwalu mine in north eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, the company said on Friday.
Kibali mine to produce in 2013
DRC’s Kibali mine to be one of Africa’s biggest when it starts production by end of 2013 | 27h April | Mining Weekly
Construction work on the Kibali project, in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), which is expected be one of the largest gold mines in Africa, is proceeding rapidly as the developers keep their sights firmly set on first production by the end of 2013.
10 millions dollars for electricity in Katanga
Katanga : Moïse Katumbi demande 10 millions USD aux opérateurs miniers pour acheter un nouveau compensateur de la SNEL | 27th April | Radio Okapi
The Governor of Katanga, Moise Katumbi, requested on Thursday, April 26, a financial contribution of ten million U.S. dollars to enable the national electricity company (SNEL) to buy a new compensator. He made the request during a meeting he had with a delegation of mining operators in the province.
Energulf drill rigs in DRC
Energulf enters into agreement for a drill rig on its Lotshi Block in the DRC | 26th April | OilVoice
Energulf Enters Into Agreement for a Drill Rig on its Lotshi Block in the DRC | 26th April | Marketwire
EnerGulf to announce that it has entered into a "Heads of Agreement" (HOA) with Africa Onshore Drilling Ltd. ("AOD") whereby AOD would provide a drill rig and related services for up to 3 wells for EnerGulf's upcoming 2012 drill program on its Lotshi Block in Democratic Republic of Congo ("DRC"). The HOA is subject to the parties executing a comprehensive "Drilling and Ancillary Services Agreement".
Freeport criticised in Fungurume
Africa: Freeport Versus the People of Fungurume | 25th April | OSISA
Analysis: The largest mining investment in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) should have brought jobs, economic growth and development to communities in Fungurume. But the US$2 billion invested so far into the massive copper and cobalt mine - by a consortium led by the US multinational Freeport McMoran - has brought poverty not prosperity. 



Chinese company to revive Kilembe copper/cobalt mine
Chinese firm has plans to revive Uganda's Kilembe copper/cobalt mine | 30th April | Mineweb
Gingko Energy Company plans to spend $100 million over five years to revive production at the Kilembe copper/cobalt mine, which was abandoned in the early 1980s due to political turmoil.
Uganda-Norway power grant
Uganda: Govt, Norway Sign $54 Million Power Grant | 29th April | EABW | allAfrica
Uganda and the Norwegian government have signed a $54 million (Norwegian Kroner 300 million) financing agreement for the construction of the Nkenda -Hoima transmission line.


Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region  
EU transparency legislation
Tough EU transparency laws could change lives in resource-rich Congo | 30th April | Guardian
New EU legislation introducing mandatory transparency for multinational companies could do a lot to help billions living in poverty in resource-rich countries. It could contribute to turning their natural resource wealth from a curse to a blessing if approved in its current form, but it would fail to make a difference if it is watered down.
Global Witness transparency law protests
Dictators thank the EU and oil companies for their support! | 25th April | Global Witness
Ahead of Thursday’s meeting of the European Parliament's Legal Affairs committee, Global Witness staged a parade of “dictators” in protest at plans to water down upcoming European laws to make oil, mining and timber companies more transparent about the billions of dollars that they pay in revenues to countries around the world.



Mining standards commended
Rwanda: Country Commended for Observing Mining Standards | 29th April | The New Times | allAfrica 
Rwanda is more advanced than all its neighbours in the implementation of mining standards, the biennial International Tin Conference held in South Africa this week observed.



Congolese government
The new Congolese government | 29th April | Congo Siasa
The new cabinet was officially announced on the 28th, comprising 2 deputy prime ministers, 25 ministers and 11 vice-ministers. In general, it seems that Kabila and his new prime minister do not feel the need for compromise, neither with members of their own party, nor with the opposition. This make for a leaner, slightly more technocratic cabinet than previous ones
Legislative election disputes ruling
Supreme Court passes verdict on legislative vote | 27th April | Congo Siasa
The Congolese Supreme Court issued a verdict on some of the legislative election disputes.
China-funded road
Uganda to Build $350 Million China-Funded Road Starting July | 26th April | Bloomberg
Uganda plans in July to start building a $350 million Chinese-funded toll road linking Entebbe International Airport and the capital, Kampala, to reduce congestion, the Uganda National Roads Authority said.
UN-DRC-Burundi human rights strengthening
Senior UN human rights official to visit Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo | 27th April | UNOHCHR
UN Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, Ivan Šimonović, will visit Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo starting Monday, 30 April 2012, to strengthen cooperation on human rights with the two countries.
Film: I am Congo
Introducing 'I Am Congo' | 1st May | Enough Project | Reliefweb
The Enough Project’s Raise Hope for Congo Campaign is proud to present “I Am Congo,” a video series featuring five people living in eastern Congo.


IPIS Recent Publications

Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas  Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.

Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS

IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.

Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS

Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.

“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER

In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.

Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series

Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.

Kenya’s role in the trade of gold from Eastern DRC | August 2011 | IPIS | Justice et paix

On 11 September 2010, the Congolese Ministry of Mines put out a statement in which it announced President Kabila’s decision to suspend all exploitation and export of minerals from the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Maniema. The aim of the mining ban was to break the link between mining and armed conflict in eastern DRC. This paper shows, however, that, even during the period of the embargo, Congolese minerals continued to find their way to the world market. The Kenyan capital of Nairobi appears to have served as an important hub for regional and international gold traders eyeing the mineral riches of eastern DRC.

The Arms Flyers - Commercial Aviation, Human Rights, and the Business of War and Arms | July 2011 | IPIS | Ta-R

In the last decades, the “business of war” has attracted thousands of civilian transport and logistics companies, especially in the aviation sector. State and non-State actors engaged in armed conflicts or in military operations that require substantial logistic support have increasingly resorted to the services of civilian transport operators to fulfil their transport and logistics needs. This report firstly presents a series of cases - that illustrate and document the continuous involvement of aviation companies in the business of war. The report then offers an analysis of international and national laws on the transport of weapons by air and a discussion of air safety regulations as enacted in the US and in Europe. The report also deals with the fundamentally flawed research that has sought to use air safety initiatives as a weapon in the fight against arms trafficking by air and has thus unfortunately constituted much of the basis for European Union projects to fight arms trafficking by air. An analysis of the present situation in air cargo markets and its influence on the logistics of wars and humanitarian operations concludes the report.

From Kanga to Kitenge: exploring patterns of cultural change in the Kigoma region | May 2011 | IPIS

The article discusses the current changes occurring in Kigoma, one of the poorest regions of Tanzania. For decades, the far-western corner and the point of convergence between Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is seen as peripheral within its national state. However, the steady move away from socialism to liberalism and the relative stability in the Great Lakes Region together with the associated reduction of refugee flows led to the gradual revaluation of Kigoma as a strategically important (business) centre. The case of women's wear is used to explore whether and how recent national, regional and global social and economic changes affected Kigoma's cultural set-up.

Guide to Current Mining Reform Initiatives in Eastern DRC | April 2011 | IPIS

US legislation has brought on a variety of initiatives aiming at mining reform in EDRC. This paper describes the basic elements of these initiatives, their genesis, the current state of affairs, the inkages between the initiatives and the main challenges they face. Further, the paper briefly evaluates the initiatives while focussing on the steps ahead.
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