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WEEKLY BRIEFING 30TH MAY - 5TH JUNE 2012

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Editorial
 
IPIS' News
 
IPIS’ Latest Publications
 
Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda
Burundi
Other
 
Refugee and IDP Reports
DRC
Rwanda
Burundi
Other
 
Justice and Tribunals
DRC
Rwanda
Other
 
Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda
 
Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment
DRC
Uganda
Rwanda
Other
 
Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility
DRC
Rwanda

IPIS Recent publications
 

EDITORIAL

While the Congolese army is trying to regain control of the area occupied by the M23 rebel movement in North Kivu, a report by Human Rights Watch adds more evidence to the allegations that Rwanda has actively supported the same rebels. Meanwhile, the CNDP’s political branch has left the Presidential Majority.
 
In a new report, Global Witness underscores the urgent need for companies and governments to clean up Congo’s minerals trade; the field research for this study revealed that ex-CNDP rebel leader Bosco Ntaganda amassed a war chest from mining.
 
In both North and South Kivu provinces, the FARDC are fighting various Mayi-Mayi armed groups; 14 government soldiers were killed in a combined Mayi-Mayi – FDLR attack in North Kivu. In South Kivu, MONUSCO reported the presence of a new Rwandan armed group.
 
A UN document, only now discovered, reveals the presence of 15 French Mistral ground-to-air missiles in the Rwandan army arsenal in the build-up to the 1994 genocide, raising new questions over who was behind the assassination of Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana whose plane was shot down on 6 April, 1994.
 
The International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague confirmed the dismissal of charges against FDLR leader Callixte Mbarushimana of responsibility for atrocities in the DRC in 2009, while the same Court refused to issue an arrest warrant against another FDLR leader, Sylvestre Mudacumura.
 
A former Rwandan youth minister, Callixte Nzabonimana, was given a life sentence by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Arusha after being found guilty of playing a key role in the 1994 genocide.
 
The Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) sentenced convicted former Liberian President Charles Taylor to 50 years in prison for planning and for aiding and abetting crimes committed by Sierra Leonean rebel forces during the country's decade-long civil war.

 

IPIS' News

Seminar 

IPIS Researcher Evie Francq will be discussing due diligence in the Congolese mining sector at the seminar, "The Due Diligence Approach: Its Implementation in the Context of Mineral Supply Chains from Conflict and High-Risk Areas" organised by the Belgian Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs, BNNR-RBRN, Egmont and IPIS 

Address: Orange Room [Egmont Palace], Petit Sablon/Kleine Zavel, 8, 1000 Brussel 
Date: Wednesday 13th June 2012, 13h30 - 16h30 
 
 
Please see here for more details 


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IPIS’ Latest Publications


 

Etat des lieux du développement socio-économique dans les zones minières au Nord-Kivu (territoires de Walikale et Masisi) | March 2012 | ASSODIP | IPIS (editorial advice)
At a moment when the attention of both the national and international communities is focused on the reorganisation of the mining sector in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the local civil society organisation ASSODIP considered it opportune to carry out a study of the impact of mining exploitation on the socio-economic development in North Kivu’s Walikale and Masisi territories. These territories are among the richest in mineral resources of eastern DRC, with the exploitation and trade in minerals adding greatly to public revenues. Nonetheless, the concrete situations as presented in this paper sufficiently show that the development of the local mining communities has never been taken into due account.
 

Assessment of existing practices regarding end-user certification | February 2012 | UNODA | IPIS

Already, in 2002, the Security Council called upon States to establish an effective national end-user certificate system and to study the feasibility, as appropriate, of developing such a system at the regional and global levels, as well as information exchange and verification mechanisms. This study assesses existing practices regarding end-user certification in a wide range of countries. It examines concepts, documents and procedures relating to the regulation of end use and end users of conventional arms. It also endeavours to identify political and practical obstacles to the development of an international framework for authentication, reconciliation and standardization of end-user certificates. Finally, it proposes practical guidelines to assist States in the development of a reliable system of end-user certification.
 

Transparancy and Accountability. Monitoring and Reporting Methods Under An Arms Trade Treaty | February 2012 | TransArms R | IPIS

Without an understanding of the existing practices of States regarding their commonly agreed standards for the monitoring and reporting of their international transfers of conventional arms, it will be very difficult to draft many of the basic provisions of the Treaty to ensure compliance and enforcement. This report therefore seeks to clarify and discuss existing terminology and reporting practices for State regulation of international transfers of goods and services and for international transfers of conventional arms. It is hoped that this will also help contribute to the development of common international standards for monitoring and reporting international transfers of conventional arms. Standardization of statistical requirements and reporting methods is of paramount importance for the ATT to be effective.
 
 

Arms Trade and Security in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on conflict, security and arms trade across the Great Lakes Region. 

 
DRC/Rwanda – presumed support by Rwanda to Congolese M23 rebels

Nord-Kivu: le Rwanda et la RDC vérifient l’identité de 11 combattants aux mains de la Monusco | 30th May | Radio Okapi
The intelligence services of Rwanda and the DRC are verifying the identity of 11 Rwandan citizens who surrendered to MONUSCO last week in Rutshuru territory (North-Kivu).
 
Mutinerie aux Kivu : plénière à huis clos à l’Assemblée nationale | 31st May | Radio Okapi
L'assemblée nationale décrète le huis clos la question d'insécurité dans l'Est | 31st May | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Guerre dans l'Est du pays - Tous dans l'embarras | 31st May | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Gouvernement - Langage de vérité | 31st May | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Tensions dans l'Est - Le mystère demeure | 1st June | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
A Kinshasa, les parlementaires s'emparent du rapport polémique de la MONUSCO | 1st June | RFI | allAfrica
The Congolese Defence and Interior Ministers have been interpellated at the National Assembly, behind closed doors, about the security situation in the East.
 
Présence des onze Rwandais dans le M23 : la Monusco réaffirme sa neutralité | 31st May | Digital Congo
To the question whether Rwanda plays a role in what is happening in the East, the spokesman of the UN Mission in the DRC replies that they don’t have the evidence to proof that Rwanda has been directly involved.
 
Rwanda 'training rebels to fight Congo army' | 1st June | Al Jazeera
Group of rebel defectors say they were recruited and trained in Rwanda, then sent to fight in Congo against their will.
 
Govt Warns Non-State Actors on Regional Stability | 31st May | The New Times | allAfrica
Rwanda's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Louise Mushikiwabo has warned against "reckless interference by non-state actors in the region," saying that such conduct can result in human suffering. The warning comes shortly after a UN report, leaked to the BBC, alleged that Rwanda is supporting the war in the DRC. "We will not fall for all these provocations and so-called leaked reports designed to inflame tension and create conflict. Far from it. Rwanda and the DRC have been working even closer than before to resolve the situation in DRC," the Minister said.
 
Rwanda accuses UN of fomenting regional tensions | 1st June | Reuters
Rwanda: False Accusations - the Price Rwanda Has to Pay for Taking a Stand | 1st June | The New Times | allAfrica
Rwanda accused the United Nations of stirring tensions in the Great Lakes region on Thursday after the world body said that men recruited in Rwanda had been tricked into fighting for a rebel group in neighbouring Congo.
 
DRC Lawmakers Protest 'Secret Deal' With Rwanda | 1st June | Voice of America
Opposition lawmakers in the DRC have called for what they describe as a secret deal with Rwanda to be debated in public. Lawmakers from several parties walked out of parliament this week to protest a ruling that talks with Rwanda about cross-border relations could only be debated in a closed session.
 
Country Committed to International Peace, Says Mushikiwabo | 2nd June | The New Times | allAfrica
Rwanda is committed to bringing peace to the world "despite continued attempts from the international community to tarnish its image", the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Louise Mushikiwabo, said yesterday.
 
RDC: la mutinerie à l'est, une initiative rwandaise ? | 4th June | RFI
More details on the Rwandan defectors.
 
DR Congo: Rwanda Should Stop Aiding War Crimes Suspect | 4th June | Human Rights Watch
RD Congo : Le Rwanda doit cesser d’aider un criminel de guerre présumé | 4th June | Human Rights Watch
Rwanda accused of fuelling DRC mutiny | 4th June | Al Jazeera
Rwandan military 'aiding war crimes suspect' in Congo | 4th June | The Guardian
Rwanda: un rapport qui accuse | 4th June | BBC Afrique
Rwanda military aiding DRC mutiny, report says | 4th June | BBC News
RDC: Human Rights Watch accuse le Rwanda de soutenir Bosco Ntaganda et le M23 | 4th June | Radio Okapi
D'étranges renforts pour les mutins congolais | 4th June | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
Présence de militaires rwandais - Des preuves de plus | 5th June | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Human Rights Watch Slams the Rwandan Government | 3rd June | Congo Siasa
Human Rights Watch Calls for Rwanda to Arrest Congolese War Crimes Suspect | 5th June | Voice of America
Rwanda: Imaculee Uwanyiligira - " HRW est un facteur d'instabilité " | 5th June | Radio Netherlands Worldwide | allAfrica
Rwandan military officials have been arming and supporting the mutiny in eastern DRC of Gen. Bosco Ntaganda, who is wanted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court (ICC), Human Rights Watch said today.
Rwandan military officials have allowed Ntaganda to enter Rwanda and supplied him with new recruits, weapons, and ammunition. Ntaganda is sought on an ICC arrest warrant for recruiting and using child soldiers.
 
RDC : mutinerie du M23, deux ministres entendus à huis clos à l’Assemblée nationale | 5th June | Radio Okapi
L'opposition dénonce le silence des autorités sur la situation dans l'Est | 5th June | RFI | allAfrica
The Congolese Defence and Interior Ministers again answered behind closed doors to the questions of the members of parliament on the peace agreements between the DRC and Rwanda and the M23 rebel movement.
 
 
LRA
An Essential Tool for Helping End the LRA is Lost: Uganda’s Amnesty Law Not Renewed | 31st May | The Enough Project
Enacted in 2000, Uganda’s Amnesty Act has been a helpful tool over the past decade in cutting down the size of the Lord’s Resistance Army. It offered exemption from criminal prosecution for returning rebels, who abandoned the rebellion and handed over their arms. To date more than 26,000 rebels have received a Certificate of Amnesty, enabling them to defect without fear of prosecution and resettle in their communities with government assistance. As of this week, this is no longer an option.
 
 
Oxfam report on ammunition trade
Ammunition trade tops $4 billion yet little regulation to control and keep track of who bullets are sold to | 30th May | Oxfam International
Arms trade treaty must include global sale of ammunition, urges Oxfam | 30th May | The Guardian
Global sales of ammunition are worth more than $4 billion and are growing at a faster rate than trade in guns, yet there is virtually no regulation in place to control where the bullets end up, according to international agency Oxfam, in a new report today.
The report, 'Stop a Bullet, Stop a War,' has been published ahead of this summer's Arms Trade Treaty negotiations in New York, where diplomats from around the world will gather to try and hammer out a new global agreement to regulate the trade of weapons and ammunition.
 
IANSA online appeal
Sign the online appeal for a strong Arms Trade Treaty | 31st May | IANSA
 
Meetings on Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW)
EAC Evaluates Project to Eliminate Small Arms | 1st June | The New Times | allAfrica
The EAC Partner States' heads of National Focal Points (NFPs) on Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALWs) this week held a three-day meeting in Nairobi, Kenya, to evaluate the impact of a six-year project which winds up in December this year.
 
Group Seeks Life Sentence for Illegal Possession of Fire Arms | 5th June | The New Times | Africa
The Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA) has called for a maximum punishment for any person convicted on illegal possession of fire arms.



DRC 

Ex-CNDP mutiny (M23) in North Kivu
DR Congo's Bosco 'Terminator' Ntaganda's anger at ICC | 30th May | BBC News
RDC : Bosco Ntaganda parle | 29th May | BBC Afrique
Renegade general Bosco Ntaganda has told the BBC his war crimes indictment is based on lies.
 
Revival in eastern Congo town crippled by fighting | 30th May | Reuters
After nearly two decades at the heart of one of Africa's bloodiest conflicts, the people of the eastern Congolese town of Goma had started to see signs of hope.
 
Congolese Rebels Say 'Not About to Give Up' | 30th May | Rwanda Express | allAfrica
Rebels fighting in the eastern Congo have said that they are not going to give up on the war until all their conditions are met.
 
Nord-Kivu: des Tutsi fuient une éventuelle attaque du M23 à Kitshanga | 31st May | Radio Okapi
Civil society reports a massive displacement of the Tutsi population from the locality of Kitshanga (Masisi territory) towards Goma. They fear being attacked by the M23 rebels.
 
Les causes de l’instabilité au Nord-Kivu invoquées par le Gouverneur Julien Paluku | 31st May | Digital Congo
Interview with North Kivu’s governor Julien Paluku on the causes of instability in North Kivu.
 
Lies as weapons of war in Kivu, denounce missionaries | 1st June | Missionary International Service News Agency (MISNA) | Reliefweb
Le mensonge devient “arme de guerre” au Kivu : la dénonciation des missionnaires | 31st May | Missionary International Service News Agency (MISNA) | Reliefweb
It is “legitimate to think that there is a hidden agenda” behind the violence underway for over three weeks in the hills of North Kivu, said the Comboni missionaries in an editorial received by MISNA. They stress that in reality the war against rebel factions and the protection of civilians claimed by dissident soldiers are “mere pretences to not accept their redeployment to other military constituencies outside the two Kivus, and continue illegally exploiting Kivu’s mineral resources”.
 
Kinshasa : une marche de soutien aux FARDC et à la population de l’Est a été dispersée | 2nd June | Radio Okapi
A march in Kinshasa last Saturday in support of the army and the population of eastern DRC has been dispersed by the police.
 
Goma: le CNDP quitte la Majorité Présidentielle | 3rd June | Radio Okapi
Members of the CNDP have withdrawn from the Presidential Majority (Majorité présidentielle, MP). The decision was taken during a meeting of the party’s political bureau on Sunday and announced on Radio Okapi the same day.
 
Nord-Kivu: le M23 nie de préparer un génocide contre les Tutsi à Kitchanga | 3rd June | Radio Okapi
In a reaction to the accusations by the vice-president of civil society in North Kivu, Omar Kavota, the M23 has denied the responsibility for the massive displacement of the Tutsi population of Kitchanga. The movement equally denies that it is planning genocide against the same Tutsi population.
 
DR Congo army readies for jungle assault on mutineers | 3rd June | AFP | Reliefweb
Congolese troops on Saturday readied for a new offensive against army mutineers, with one general saying an attack in the mountainous jungle would come within four days.
 
Nord-Kivu : les militaires lancent une offensive pour reprendre les collines de Runyoni | 4th June | Radio Okapi
Fresh fighting in eastern Congo after week-long lull | 4th June | AFP | Reliefweb
After a week of calm, confrontations between the Congolese army and the rebels of the M23 movement started again on Monday 4 June in the hills of Runyoni, close to Bunagana in Rutshuru territory.
 
The M23 rebellion: Leading with the chin | 4th June | Congo Siasa
Since the beginning of the M23 rebellion in late March, the mutiny has appeared rushed and ill-planned. While the M23 has since gained military momentum with a new wave of defections, it has lacked a political base. The movement is apparently trying to create a political and social foundation for itself to bolster its military ambitions.
 
DRC Army Advances On Rebels Holdout, Says Official | 5th June | Voice of America
The Democratic Republic of Congo information minister says the national army (FARDC) is crushing the rebellion by renegade soldiers loyal to General Bosco Ntaganda. 
 
 
Attacks by armed men in Rutshuru (North Kivu)
Nord-Kivu : quatre minibus tombent dans une embuscade des hommes armés à Busendo | 4th June | Radio Okapi
Four minibuses transporting traders from Goma to Butembo were ambushed by armed men in Busendo, about 100 km north of Goma.
 
Nord-Kivu: attaque armée à Bulindi, 2 morts et 42 vaches abattues | 4th June | Radio Okapi
Armed men killed two people and slaughtered 42 cows in Bulindi, Rutshuru territory.
 
 
FARDC fight Mayi-Mayi Cheka in Walikale (North Kivu)
Nord-Kivu: les FARDC délogent les Maï-Maï Cheka dans une dizaine de localités de Walikale | 1st June | Radio Okapi
The Congolese army has retaken control of a dozen of localities in Walikale territory from Cheka’s ‘Nduma Defence of Congo’ group.
 
FARDC fight Mayi-Mayi in Masisi (North Kivu)
Nord-Kivu: les FARDC reprennent les localités de Nyabiondo et Kinyumba | 4th June | Radio Okapi
The Congolese military have retaken control, without fighting, of Nyabiondo and Kinyumba in Masisi territory. Mayi-Mayi rebel chief Janvier Karairi withdrew with his men to Lukweti.
 
Mayi-Mayi in Beni and Lubero (North Kivu)
Nord-Kivu: les Maï-Maï Simba volent et brutalisent la population civile à Pangoya | 31st May | Radio Okapi
Civil society of Beni accuses the Mayi-Mayi Simba militia of robbing and brutalising the population in the area of Pombi and Pangoya.
 
Nouveaux combats entre FARDC et Maï-Maï à Beni, 6 morts | 3rd June | Radio Okapi
Six were killed and one captured in clashes between the FARDC and Mayi-Mayi militias on early Sunday morning in the locality of Kanyihunga-Bulambo, Beni territory, as was confirmed by military officials.
 
Affaire des ex-APC arrêtés à Beni: un député RCD-KML parle de manipulation | 3rd June | Radio Okapi
Grégoire Kiro Tsongo, national MP for the RCD-KML, accuses the mayor of Beni of using manipulation and provocation because the latter qualified the arrested members of an armed group as ex-ACP (Armée patriotique du Congo).
 
Nord-Kivu: les Maï-Maï tuent 14 militaires à Kaseye | 5th June | Radio Okapi
Fourteen soldiers were killed and nine others injured during an attack by the armed group ‘Union des patriotes pour la paix’ against an FARDC camp in the locality of Kaseye, 80 km from Lubero town. According to local sources, the militiamen were supported by the FDLR.
 
FARDC fight Mayi-Mayi Yakutumba in South Kivu
Sud-Kivu: les FARDC tuent un milicien Maï-Maï Yakutumba à Fizi | 30th May | Radio Okapi
Since 28 May confrontations are taking place between the Congolese army and a Mayi-Mayi militia called Alléluia in Fizi territory (South Kivu).
 
Sud-Kivu : les FARDC délogent les Maï-Maï Yakutumba de la localité de Kazimiya | 31st May | Radio Okapi
The FARDC announced they have retaken control of the locality of Kazimiya (Fizi territory), which had been occupied since two months by the Mayi-Mayi Yakutumba.
 
Increased Mayi-Mayi Raïa Mutomboki activity in South Kivu
Suite à la suspension de l’opération « Amani Kamilifu » | 5th June | Le Potentiel | Reliefweb
MONUSCO confirms the increased actitivity by the Mayi-Mayi group Raïa Mutomboki in several parts of South Kivu.
 
 
FDLR in Lubero (North Kivu)
Nord-Kivu : 500 familles de Bukomerwa ont fui les attaques des FDLR | 1st June | Radio Okapi
Since the beginning of the week, 489 families have fled the atrocities committed by the FDLR in the locality of Bukomerwa, Lubero territory.
 
Nord-Kivu: les FDLR imposent la taxe hebdomadaire de 1500 FC par personne à Lubero | 5th June | Radio Okapi
Since the end of May, rebels of the ‘Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda’ (FDLR) collect a weekly “tax” of 1500 Congolese francs (1,6 USD) per person from the population of several localities in Lubero territory.
 
FDLR ‘fundraising in Ugandan refugee camps’
FDLR 'Fundraising in Refugee Camps' | 4th June | The New Times | allAfrica
The DRC-based Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) militia are actively fundraising in Rwandan refugee camps in Uganda, it has emerged.
 

New Rwandan armed group in South Kivu
Sud-Kivu : un nouveau groupe armé rwandais se signale à Busolo | 4th June | Le Potentiel | Reliefweb
According to MONUSCO, the presence of a new Rwandan rebel group, ‘Alliance pour la libération du Rwanda’ (ALIR), has been reported in Bosolo, 25 km southeast of Walungu.
 

 
FRPI militia occupies several villages in Ituri
Province orientale - Le FRPI occupe plusieurs localités en Ituri | 1st June | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
According to MONUSCO, the ‘Front de résistance patriotique d'Ituri’ (FRPI) militia controls most of the localities in the south of Irumu territory, Ituri district.
 
RDC: les chefs coutumiers de l’Ituri appellent le gouvernement à négocier avec Cobra Matata | 3rd June | Radio Okapi
In a meeting with local MONUSCO officials in Bunia, the customary chiefs of the Ituri district (Province Orientale) called for negotiations between the DRC government and Cobra Matata’s FRPI militia in order to save human lives.

 
UN on violence in the East
UN Condemns Upsurge in 'Blind Violence' in Eastern Congo | 30th May | Voice of America
The United Nations has condemned an upsurge of what it calls "blind violence" in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. U.N. military officials say some of the most brutal massacres in recent memory have been committed by Congolese ethnic militias and Rwandan rebels. 
 
RDC : la Monusco exhorte tous les groupes armés à cesser leurs violences à l’Est | 2nd June | Radio Okapi
In a press communiqué published on Friday the 1st of June, Roger Meece, the head of MONUSCO, called upon all foreign and Congolese armed groups to cease immediately all forms of violence committed in the east of the DRC.
 
Le Bcnudh préoccupé de la recrudescence des violations des droits de l’homme à l’Est de la Rdc | 31st May | Digital Congo
Penangnini Touré, spokesman of the UN Joint Human Rights Office, said the Office received many allegations of summary executions, cruel inhumane treatments and sexual violence.
 
DRC militia leaders responsible for upsurge in violence must be held accountable - Pillay | 1st June | UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights | Reliefweb
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay on Thursday expressed alarm at the significant increase in large-scale atrocities by armed groups in the east of the DRC – including killings, rape, and the looting and burning of entire villages – and called for urgent action by the Government to stop further violence and ensure justice for the victims.
 
UN and EUSEC call for protection of civilians
UN calls for better civilian protection as DR Congo violence uproots tens of thousands | 31st May | UN News Centre
With close to 100,000 people uprooted from their homes by the recent wave of violence in the province of North Kivu, in the eastern DRC, the UN humanitarian agency today renewed its call for better measures to protect civilians and more aid for distressed families.
 
Roger Meece: « La protection des civils est notre plus grande priorité » | 31st May | Radio Okapi
 
L'EUSEC rappelle la mission de l'armée de «protéger la population» | 1st June | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
 
Concern mounts for civilians targeted in North Kivu violence | 1st June | UNHCR | Reliefweb
Inquiétudes croissantes pour les civils confrontés à la violence au Nord-Kivu | 1st  June | UNHCR | Reliefweb
The UN refugee agency on Friday expressed concern about civilians targeted in fighting that has displaced more than 100,000 people in eastern Congo since April and joined calls on the authorities to do more to protect the population.
 
MONUSCO mandate
Renouvellement du mandat de la Monusco : Roger Meece bientôt à New York | 31st May | Digital Congo
Roger Meece is going to plead with the UN Security Council for the prolongation of MONUSCO’s mandate.
 

Kinshasa Seminar on Army Reform
RDC: le chef d’Etat-Major général appelle les officiers supérieurs des FARDC au respect de la Constitution | 31st May | Radio Okapi
 
Call for Security Sector Reform (SSR)
DRC needs security sector reform not Dodd-Frank | 30th May | OSISA
“Mvemba Dizolele is from Congo and was invited to address the congressional committee - and gave this powerful and compelling submission about the need to focus on security sector reform across Congo rather than just companies' supply chains in the mineral-rich and conflict-wracked east....”
 

Sexual violence
A Glimmer of Hope for the Women in Congo | 30th May | The Enough Project
May 31 marks Margot Wallström's last day serving as the U.N.'s Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, a position she has held since April 2010. Wallström has been a prominent figure in the fight against sexual violence in areas throughout the world, including Congo.
 

Appeal to UK government
Act now on Congo war criminals | 30th May | The Guardian
“While there is enough blame to be shared by all parties to this conflict, Bosco Ntaganda, Sultani Makenga and Sylvestre Mudacumura bear primary responsibility for the recent spike in waves of violence and mass displacement. We urge the UK government to impose targeted sanctions against senior members of the National Congress for the Defence of the People (CNDP) and the armed group M23.”
 
 
Murder of Floribert Chebeya – 2nd anniversary
Deux ans après l'assassinat de Floribert Chebeya la recherche des vrais responsables continue | 1st June | RFI | allAfrica
Affaire Chebeya : les défenseurs des droits de l’homme réclament toujours le procès en appel | 1st June | Radio Okapi
RDC: L’affaire Chebeya en 15 dates | 1st June | Radio Okapi
Les proches de Chebeya et les défenseurs des droits de l'homme ne désarment pas | 2nd June | RFI | allAfrica
Two years after the double murder of human rights activists Floribert Chebeya and Fidèle Bazana, human rights organisations still call for an appeal case. In absence of such a process, they will turn to international jurisdiction.

 
UNDP and insecurity in North Kivu
Nord-Kivu: le Pnud n’a accompli que 55% de son plan d’action suite à l’insécurité | 2nd June | Radio Okapi
The UNDP has failed to carry out its action plan 2011 because of the prevailing insecurity in North Kivu. According to the head of the field office in Goma, only 55% of the resources allocated to the plan have been used.  

 
 

Uganda

LRA amnesty law not renewed
An Essential Tool for Helping End the LRA is Lost: Uganda’s Amnesty Law Not Renewed | 31st May | The Enough Project
Uganda: No more amnesty certificates for rebels | 1st June | IRIN
Uganda: Amnesty Act Without Amnesty | 3rd June | Radio Netherlands Worldwide | allAfrica
Enacted in 2000, Uganda’s Amnesty Act has been a helpful tool over the past decade in cutting down the size of the Lord’s Resistance Army. It offered exemption from criminal prosecution for returning rebels, who abandoned the rebellion and handed over their arms. To date more than 26,000 rebels have received a Certificate of Amnesty, enabling them to defect without fear of prosecution and resettle in their communities with government assistance. As of this week, this is no longer an option.
 

 

Rwanda

UN document raises new questions over killing President Habyarimana
Un document compromettant enterré dans les archives de l’ONU | 31st May | Libération
Rwanda : des missiles qui pointent Paris | 31st May | Libération
Inventaire | 31st May | Libération
Rwanda: Army Had French Missiles At Time of Habyarimana Death, Report Reveals | 1st June | RFI | allAfrica
Rwanda: Des missiles Mistral dans l'arsenal de l'armée à la veille du génocide | 1st June | RFI | allAfrica
Un nouveau document relance la question du rôle de la France dans le génocide | 1st June | RFI | allAfrica
Attentat contre Habyarimana : des missiles français dans l'arsenal rwandais | 1st June | Le Monde
Des missiles Mistral au Rwanda | 1st June | BBC Afrique
Les missiles Mistral ont pu passer par Goma | 1st June | Le carnet de Colette Braeckman
Habyarimana's Plane - New Evidence Revealed | 2nd June | The New Times | allAfrica
Rwanda : un rapport de l'ONU pose la question du rôle de la France | 2nd June | Le Monde
Rwanda: L'affaire des missiles français Mistral relance le débat sur l'attentat contre Habyarimana | 2nd June | RFI | allAfrica
The Mutsinzi Report Was Accurate After All | 3rd June | The New Times | allAfrica
Rwanda: Les missiles qui font exploser les certitudes | 3rd June | L’Observateur Paalga | allAfrica
New findings made public by a French daily newspaper, Libération, shows that the United Nations, had in its archives, documents indicating that former Rwandan Army (ex-FAR) was in possession of Mistral missiles used to shoot down Habyarimana's plane but kept silent about it.
The report, which brings to limelight most of what was published in the Mutsinzi Report of Experts Investigation of the April 6, 1994 crash of president Habyarimana's Falcon-50 jet, quotes findings by British investigative journalist, Linda Melvern, that reveal the presence of 15 French Mistral ground-to-air missiles in the Rwandan army's arsenal in the build-up to the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi.
 
Police calls citizens to hand in illegal arms
Police Calls Citizens to Hand in Illegal Arms | 31st May | News of Rwanda
The Rwanda National Police has called upon the people to hand in illegal arms which they say that are the reason for the various blasts around the country.
According to police, the liberation war and genocide against the Tutsi in 1994 left grenades, unexploded ordnances (UXO's) and other small arms on the surface of Rwanda.

 

Burundi

Burundi: 'The Old Demons Aren't Dead, but At Least They're Sleeping' - 50 Years of Independence | 1st June | African Arguments
Analysis. On July 1st 2012 Burundi celebrates 50 years of independence from Belgium. The country is situated in a complex region with a violent recent past where political and social differences became polarised and interconnected with those of neighbouring countries.
In the 1990s, at the end of the Cold War, the region degenerated into an avalanche of killing and destruction, resulting in collapsed states, large-scale organised violence and millions of victims. Together with the genocide in Rwanda, and the violence in Congo - which later became known as Africa's First World War - the civil war in Burundi is one of the worst events in Central Africa's recent history.

 

Other

Central African Republic
Central African Republic – Complex Emergency, Fact Sheet #1, FY 2012 | 1st June | USAID
Central African Republic: Security hopes improve after main rebel groups disband | 5th June | IRIN
A near decade-long insurgency which stoked insecurity in the Central African Republic’s (CAR) northern regions has eased after the disbandment in May of two main rebel groups there, bringing hopes for stability. The Popular Army for the Restoration of Democracy (APRD) and the Republican Forces Union (UFR) dissolved and their fighters begun to disarm under peace agreements with the government.
 
South Sudan - Sudan
Ban welcomes withdrawal of Sudanese troops from border flashpoint area | 30th May | UN News Centre
Ban Ki-moon se félicite du retrait des forces armées du Soudan de la région d'Abyei | 30th May | UN News Centre
Juba Refutes Khartoum and UN Claims On Sudanese Withdrawal From Abyei | 30th May | SudanTribune | allAfrica
Abyei : des soldats soudanais encore sur place | 30th May | BBC Afrique
Sudan Says It Withdrew From Border, but Is Accused of Bombing South Sudan | 30th May | The New York Times
UN Urges Full Sudan, South Sudan Troop Withdrawal from Abeye | 31st May | Voice of America
New evidence shows Sudan is dropping cluster munitions onto civilian areas | 31st May | CNN
Sudan: Country Says There Are 169 Policemen in Abyei to Maintain Order | 31st May | SudanTribune | allAfrica
Sudan to keep police in disputed Abyei region | 1st June | Reuters
Sudan: Country Withdraws Police Force Out of Abyei | 1st June | Sudan Tribune | allAfrica
Sudan, South Sudan 'Agree' On Negotiations Roadmap | 1st June | Sudan Tribune | allAfrica
After War, Economic Crisis Hits South Sudan | 1st June | IPS
Sudan: South Sudan Vows 'Proportional' Response If Khartoum Continues Attacks | 2nd June | Sudan Tribune | allAfrica
South Sudan: What Could Be the Motive of the U.S. Bureau of Democracy Report? | 3rd June | The Citizen | allAfrica
Sudan: South Sudan Dismiss Khartoum Claims of Police Leaving Abyei | 3rd June | The Citizen | allAfrica
Darfur rebels attack Sudanese troops | 3rd June | Reuters
Dozens killed in Darfur clashes | 3rd June | Al Jazeera
Both rebels and Sudanese troops claim to have inflicted heavy casualties following clashes in northeastern Darfur.
Sudan, South Sudan start first security talks since border clash | 4th June | Reuters
One Year Later, Sudan Continues to Target Civilians in South Kordofan | 5th June | The Enough Project
 
Somalia
End of transition period represents ‘historic starting point’ for Somalia – Ban | 1st June | UN News Centre
Ban Ki-moon : la fin de la transition, un « point de départ historique » pour la Somalie | 1st June | UN News Centre
 

 

Refugee and IDP Reports

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on the status of refugees in the Great Lakes Region

UNHCR – State of the World’s Refugees
UN High Commissioner for Refugees Launches 'State of the World's Refugees' Warns of Worsening Global Displacement | 31st May | UNHCR | allAfrica
 
UNHCR Launches Flagship Publication On State of the World's Refugees | 31st May | UNHCR | allAfrica



DRC 

OCHA reports
Bulletin d'information humanitaire - Province du Katanga - 16 mai 2012 | 31st May | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'information humanitaire - Province Orientale - N° 19/12, 29 mai 2012 | 31st May | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Nord Kivu : Rapport humanitaire mensuel - Avril 2012 | 30th May | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'information humanitaire - Province du Sud-Kivu N° 22/12, 30 mai 2012 | 30th May | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Rapport annuel d’activités - Plan d’Action Humanitaire 2011 | 30th May | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Bulletin d'Information Humanitaire - Province du Nord Kivu N° 19/12, 29 mai 2012 | 29th May | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
 
Human suffering and needs increase significantly in North Kivu chaos | 31st May | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
R.D. Congo: Souffrance humaine et besoins accrus dans le chaos du Nord-Kivu | 31st May | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Situation humanitaire en République Démocratique du Congo - Note d’information hebdomadaire à la presse, 30 mai 2012 | 31st May | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Close to 100,000 people have been uprooted from their homes by the recent wave of violence in the eastern Congolese province of North Kivu, prompting renewed calls for better measures to protect civilians and more aid for distressed families.
 
DRC: Aid workers need access and funding in North Kivu | 4th June | UNOCHA
 
Democratic Republic of the Congo: A Multi-faceted Humanitarian Crisis (as of 01 Jun 2012) - Snapshot (EN/FR) | 5th June | UNOCHA | Reliefweb
Since April, the Province of North Kivu has been hit by a wave of violence that has forced over 100,000 to flee their homes to stay alive. While humanitarian actors are mobilizing resources, the limited access to vulnerable people and a financial shortfall are hampering large-scale aid from being deployed. Six months after its launch, the 2012 DRC Humanitarian Action Plan had received only 34% of the needed $ 718 million.
 
North Kivu
RDC : le gouvernement apporte des vivres et des médicaments aux déplacés de Rutshuru | 30th May | Radio Okapi
 
Nord-Kivu: des Tutsi fuient une éventuelle attaque du M23 à Kitshanga | 31st May | Radio Okapi
Civil society reports a massive displacement of the Tutsi population from the locality of Kitshanga (Masisi territory) towards Goma. They fear being attacked by the M23 rebels.
 
DRC: IDPs weigh options as fighting rages in North Kivu | 4th June | IRIN
Since fighting began in April between government soldiers and a large group of defectors from the regular army, North Kivu Province in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has become a spaghetti junction of human migration patterns; tens of thousands of people have been displaced. 
The movement of people might appear haphazard to the outside observer. Some walk east, others west.
 
Mambasa (Ituri)
Province Orientale: SOS pour 8 000 déplacés de Mambasa | 1st June | Radio Okapi
Over 8000 displaced live in difficult conditions in Mambasa.
 
Ituri
Province Orientale: plus de 250 personnes se réfugient en Ouganda | 1st June | Radio Okapi
Since last week more then 250 people left their homes in the collectivities of Walendu Bindi, Bahema Boga et Bahema Mitego, Ituri district, to seek refuge in neighbouring Uganda. 

 

Rwanda

Congolese Refugees Begin Repatriation | 1st June | The New Times | allAfrica
At least 512 Congolese refugees from Nkamira Transit Centre in Rubavu District have returned to the DRC despite the continued fighting in North Kivu, UN refugee agency has said. Nearly 10,000 refugees crossed into Rwanda during the course of last month, fleeing fighting in the eastern part of the country.
 
UNHCR Rwanda Refugee Bulletin, Issue number V | 4th June | UNHCR | Reliefweb
Rwanda copes with its first refugee influx since 2009.

  

Burundi 

UNHCR Operation in Burundi - Fact Sheet, May 2012 | 1st June | UNHCR | Reliefweb
Opération de l’UNHCR au Burundi - Données de Base, mai 2012 | 1st June | UNHCR | Reliefweb

 

Other

Congolese refugees in South Sudan fleeing LRA
More Congolese refugees arrive in Yei (South Sudan) | 31st May | Miraya FM | Reliefweb
Dozens of new Congolese refugees have been arriving in recent days at Nyori refugee camp in Lasu Payam in Yei County, Central Equatoria state. The refugees are fleeing violence from the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) rebels, according to humanitarian sources. So far, there are about eight thousand refugees in the camp.
 

 
 

Justice and Tribunals 

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on major trials and tribunals for crimes committed in the Great Lakes Region

 DRC

Ex-CNDP army mutineers convicted in South Kivu
Uvira : 2 officiers mutins condamnés à la peine de mort | 30th May | Radio Okapi
RDC : des officiers mutins condamnés | 30th May | BBC Afrique
DR Congo army mutineers sentenced to death in absentia | 31st May | BBC News
13 ex-CNDP army officers who had defected last month in South Kivu were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment.
 
Affaires des mutins d’Uvira : 11 condamnés transférés à Kinshasa | 1st June | Radio Okapi
Eleven mutineers who were sentenced by the military court of South Kivu have been transferred to Kinshasa. The first President of that Court, Colonel Freddy Mukendi, cited the poor conditions of detention in the central prison of Bukavu as a justification for the transfer.
 
ICC dismisses charges against FDLR leader Mbarushimana
ICC upholds decision to drop war crimes charges against Rwandan rebel leader | 30th May | UN News Centre
Affaire Mbarushimana : la Chambre d'appel de la CPI rejette l'appel de l'accusation | 30th May | UN News Centre
ICC confirms release of Congo war crimes suspect | 30th May | Reuters
En appel à la Haye, le leader hutu callixte Mbarushimana échappe à un procès faute de preuves | 30th May | RFI | allAfrica
La CPI refuse de juger le Rwandais Calixte Mbarushimana | 31st May | Radio Okapi
Judges at the International Criminal Court (ICC) dismissed the Prosecution's appeal against the decision to drop war crimes charges against Rwandan rebel leader Callixte Mbarushimana for his alleged role in deadly fighting in eastern DRC in 2009. The head of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) was accused of murder, torture, rape, attacks against civilians, the destruction of property, inhuman treatment and persecution.
 
Country to Pursue Mbarushimana | 31st May | The New Times | allAfrica
The Appeals chamber of the International Criminal Court (ICC) may have upheld the court's earlier decision to dismiss charges against Callixte Mbarushimana, but Rwanda's prosecution insists it will not be deterred from seeking his arrest for genocide crimes.
 
ICC rejects arrest warrant for FDLR leader Mudacumura
Hague court rejects arrest warrant for Mudacumura | 31st May | Reuters
Les juges de la CPI refusent d'emettre un mandat d'arrêt contre le chef des rebelles rwandais des FDLR | 1st June | RFI | allAfrica
ICC: Pursue Case Against Rwandan Rebel Leader | 1st June | Human Rights Watch
CPI : L’affaire contre le dirigeant rebelle rwandais doit être poursuivie | 1st June | Human Rights Watch
The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) should urgently submit information sought by the court in the case against a Rwandan rebel leader whose forces are still committing atrocities in eastern DRC. On May 31, 2012, the ICC judges unanimously found that the request for an arrest warrant against Sylvestre Mudacumura lacked clarity and specificity, but did not rule on the merits of the case.

 

Rwanda 

Genocide trial in Canada
Mungwarere's Genocide Case Begins in Canada | 30th May | Rwanda Express | allAfrica
Country Ready to Support Genocide Trials | 30th May | The New Times
Jacques Mungwarere's genocide case, the second in a row to be tried under Canada's Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes Act opened in on Monday.
 
ICTR - Nzabonimana gets life imprisonment
Callixte Nzabonimana Convicted and Sentenced to Life Imprisonment | 31st May | International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)
UN tribunal convicts former Rwandan minister of youth for genocide | 31st May | UN News Centre
Rwandan ex-minister jailed for life over genocide | 31st May | Reuters
Rwanda's Calllixte Nzabonimana gets life for genocide | 31st May | BBC News
Rwandan minister sentenced to life for key role in genocide | 1st June | The Guardian
The United Nations tribunal trying key suspects implicated in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda today convicted the country’s former youth minister of genocide and crimes against humanity, and sentenced him to life imprisonment. Callixte Nzabonimana was convicted of genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide and extermination as a crime against humanity by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
 
Rwanda to pursue FDLR leader Mbarushimana
Country to Pursue Mbarushimana | 31st May | The New Times | allAfrica
The Appeals chamber of the International Criminal Court (ICC) may have upheld the court's earlier decision to dismiss charges against Callixte Mbarushimana, but Rwanda's prosecution insists it will not be deterred from seeking his arrest for genocide crimes.


Other

Special Court for Sierra Leone - Charles Taylor sentenced to 50 years in prison
Charles Taylor Sentenced to 50 Years in Jail | 30th May | CharlesTaylorTrial.org | allAfrica
Special Court sentences former Liberian leader Charles Taylor to 50 years in prison | 30th May | UN News Centre
L'ex-Président libérien Charles Taylor condamné à 50 ans de prison par la justice internationale | 30th May | UN News Centre
Lengthy Taylor sentence represents justice for Sierra Leoneans: Justice still needed for the people of Liberia | 30th May | Global Witness
Statement By Commonwealth Secretary-General On the Sentencing of Charles Taylor | 30th May | Commonwealth News and Information Service | allAfrica
Mixed Reaction to Sentencing of Liberia's Charles Taylor | 30th May | Voice of America
Taylor Sentence Sparks Justice Debate in Liberia | 31st May | Voice of America
Special Court for Sierra Leone judges in The Hague have sentenced former Liberian President Charles Taylor to a jail-term of 50 years after he was convicted of aiding and abetting the commission of serious crimes in Sierra Leone. He was also convicted of planning attacks on various towns including the diamond rich town of Kono in late 1998 and the country's capital Freetown in January 1999.

 
 

Natural Resources in the Great Lakes Region

Recent news on issues relating to natural resource extraction and governance in the Great Lakes Region.

DRC 

Clandestine gold diggers in Nature Reserve (Ituri)
RDC: les creuseurs clandestins de l’or envahissent une réserve naturelle des okapis | 30th May | Radio Okapi
Since two weeks, close to 400 clandestine gold diggers have invaded the Okapi Faunal Reserve (Mambasa territory, Province Orientale).
 
Artisanal loggers in Province Orientale for regulation of the sector
Kisangani : les exploitants forestiers favorables à la réorganisation de l’exploitation artisanale | 4th June | Radio Okapi

 

Uganda

Fairtrade-certified artisanal gold miners
East Africa: Fairtrade to Support African Gold Miners | 30th May | Fairtrade Africa | allAfrica
Artisanal and small-scale miners in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda will soon become the first Fairtrade certified miners in Africa.
Fairtrade and Fairmined gold, launched in 2010, is the world's first independent ethical certification system for responsibly mined gold. Over the past months gold miners from four mining groups in Latin America supplied the UK markets through transparent supply chains. Due to the instant success of Fairtrade and Fairmined gold the project will now be rolled out in Africa.

 

Rwanda

Environmental Conservation to End Illegal Gold Mining | 1st June | News of Rwanda | allAfrica
Following the meeting on the week of protecting the environment and fighting drug use, Rulindo residents started May 2012 to fill-up Rukozo Gold Mines. Rulindo district mayor Justus Kangwagye says that mines depict how the environment was destroyed and it will show how the environment was conserved after the place is levelled to normal.
 

 
 

Extractive Companies, Energy, Trade and Foreign Investment

Recent news on national and international extractive and energy companies and investment in the Great Lakes Region

 
Kimberley Process conference in US

U.S. to Host Meeting On Conflict Diamond Trade | 31st May | US Department of State | allAfrica
The United States will host an international conference on the mining and trade of diamonds from conflict zones in southern Africa. The annual Kimberley Process conference will be held June 4-7 at the State Department and will be chaired by U.S. Ambassador Gillian Milovanovic. The Kimberley Process represents 76 countries and operates by consensus. This is the first time the United States has held the chairmanship.
 
Call on India to invest in African resources
'India should take on Chinese investment blitzkrieg in Africa' | 5th June | NY Daily News
India needs to pull up its socks in the race with China for investments in the resource-rich African continent, a former Ugandan diplomat said Tuesday.



DRC

Extractive industry positive
Les opérateurs miniers de la RDC reprennent confiance | 1st June | Le Phare | allAfrica
Les activités de production minière en RDC n'ont pas connu de ralentissement en mai dernier, comme on le craignait, en dépit de la persistance de la baisse des cours mondiaux des métaux enregistrée depuis la fin de l'année dernière. Tels sont les résultats de l'analyse faite par la Direction générale de la politique monétaire et des opérations bancaires de la BCC sur l'opinion des chefs d'entreprise sur l'évolution de la conjoncture de l'économie nationale. Et ce, à travers un sondage des entrepreneurs ciblés dans quatre secteurs à savoir, les industries manufacturières, les industries extractives, la construction et les services.
 
Africanisation of mining sector
Secteur minier - L'africanisation est en marche | 2nd June | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Although Anglo-Saxon mining groups remain dominant for now, investment by African entrepreneurs is on the rise in the mining sector. Instead of starting their own companies, they take over strategic positions in the major existing ones.
 
Provincial government of Katanga suspends exports by Shituru
Katanga : le gouvernement provincial interdit à Shituru Mining Corporation d’exporter sa production | 30th May | Radio Okapi
 
Environmental pollution by mining companies in Katanga
Lubumbashi : la pollution environnementale provoquerait les malformations congénitales, selon un médecin | 4th June | Radio Okapi
 
Alphamin (Katanga)
Alphamin to Acquire Ground Surrounding the Historic Manono Mine in the Democratic Republic of the Congo | 5th June | Marketwire
Alphamin Resources Corp. announces that it has entered into an agreement to acquire two exploration permits surrounding the historic Manono Mine in Katanga Province in the DRC.
 
Greenpeace on industrial logging
Over 20,000 Congolese Call for Their Rainforest to Be Saved | 5th June | Greenpeace International | allAfrica
22,000 Sign Petition to Save Congo Forest | 5th June | Greenpeace International | allAfrica
Greenpeace Africa, in collaboration with Réseau Ressources Naturelles and members of forest communities in the DRC, is calling on the government to maintain and enforce the moratorium on the allocation of new industrial forests concessions in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This call was made in the form of a petition given to the Congolese Prime Minister today, signed by at least 20000 people.
 
Hydropower - Inga
Big cash input for Inga | 30th May | Africa Energy Intelligence
The World Bank is putting together a $43 million technical assistance package for Congo’s energy ministry that will be put to the institution’s board in a year’s time.
 
Construction d'Inga - Kinshasa brouille les cartes | 30th May | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
 
Vers la signature d’un traité entre l’Afrique du Sud et la RDC pour la réalisation du projet « Grand Inga » | 31st May | Digital Congo
Vers la ratification d’un traité entre l’Afrique du Sud et la Rdc pour la concrétisation du projet « Grand Inga » | 31st May | Digital Congo
 
Hydropower – Zongo 2
Zongo 2 set for completion in 2015 | 30th May | Africa Energy Intelligence
Because of continuous delays in starting work on the Zongo 2 dam, China’s Sinohydro is coming under increasing pressure from Kinshasa to bend to the task. But problems could crop up.
 
Hydropower - Tshopo
Kisangani : le groupe 1 de la centrale de la Tshopo opérationnelle dans 6 mois, selon la CTB | 2nd June | Radio Okapi
Kisangani - La CTB réalise le projet d'appui à la fourniture d'électricité | 5th June | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Alain Nubourgh, in charge of the rehabilitation project of the Tshopo power station, has confirmed to the press in Kinshasa that group 1 of the power station will be functional by the end 2012-beginning 2013. The Belgian Technical Cooperation project will cost 17 million dollars and will endow Kisangani with a better energy supply.

 

Uganda

East Africa: Region Cautioned Over Resources | 31st May | Tanzania Daily News | allAfrica
Discoveries of uranium, oil and gas in East Africa could destabilize the region unless member states have in place meaningful plans on how to utilize and protect the resources from falling into wrong hands.
Some experts have warned that ineffective monitoring of mining and other resource operations could render them a curse for most African countries.
This was among the observations of a panel of experts who were discussing 'Opportunities for job creation and greater economy growth,' during the ongoing African Development Bank (AfDB) series of meetings taking place here.
 
Electricity
Who’s Who - Jacob Oboth | 30th May | Africa Energy Intelligence
Publication of a parliamentary report by a board of inquiry into Uganda’s electricity sector appears to have been blocked by some of the panel’s members.
 
Oil
Bunyoro King Storms Parliament Over Oil Revenue | 1st June | The New Vision | allAfrica
The Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom Solomon Gafabusa Iguru yesterday stormed Parliament demanding a standard share of 12.5% of all oil revenue accruing from the respective petroleum wells as royalties payable to the Kingdom.
 
East Africa: Region Could Gain U.S.$605 Billion From Oil Revenues | 4th June | East African Business Week | allAfrica
African Development Bank (AfDB) has estimated that Africa has in net present value terms, the potential revenue stream of about $605b of which East African Community (EAC) partner states that have recently discovered oil and gas are expected to benefit, an official has said.
 
Oil Refinery to Displace 30,000 | 4th June | The Independent (Kampala) | allAfrica
The Uganda government is pushing ahead with plans for an oil refinery despite warnings that it could be counterproductive if neighbouring Kenya makes commercially viable oil finds.

 

Rwanda

Mining
Mining Industry to Create 50,000 Jobs | 2nd June | The New Times | allAfrica
Regulators in the mining sector and private investors are discussing projects they can develop to reduce poverty.
 
Oil
Exploring Oil in Country | 4th June | The New Times | allAfrica
The government has announced plans to sign a Production Sharing Agreement (PSA) with Vanoil Energy Ltd, the Canadian oil exploration firm before the next phase of exploration begins.
 

Other 

Côte d’Ivoire
Côte d'Ivoire wants blood diamond ban lifted | 4th June | Reuters | Mining Weekly
Côte d'Ivoire will lobby for the lifting of a United Nations ban on its diamond exports at a meeting this week, a government official said, arguing that its stones are no longer a threat to the country's stability now its civil war is over.

 
 
 

Regulation, Compliance and Corporate Social Responsibility

Non-comprehensive overview and selected articles on legal and reputational issues relating to businesses operating in the Great Lakes Region 

DRC

Global Witness report on conflict minerals
Renewed fighting in eastern Congo highlights urgent need to end conflict minerals trade | 31st May | Global Witness
La reprise des combats dans l’est du Congo met en lumière le besoin urgent de mettre fin au commerce des minerais de conflit | 31st May | Global Witness
Ntaganda amassed war chest from mining | 31st May | Associated Press | Google
War Stops Congo Conflict Minerals Progress, Global Witness Says | 31st May | Bloomberg
Fin du trafic illicite des minerais - Une urgence | 2nd June | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Renewed violence in eastern DRC underscores the urgent need for companies and governments to clean up Congo’s minerals trade, said Global Witness in a new report published today. The report, Coming Clean – How supply chain controls can stop Congo’s minerals trade fuelling conflict, is based on field research carried out in DR Congo’s Kivus provinces, which have been blighted by a minerals-fuelled conflict for over a decade.
 
Dodd-Frank
DRC needs security sector reform not Dodd-Frank | 30th May | OSISA
The US Congress has been holding hearings into the likely impact of Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act, which aims to control the trade in conflict minerals in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and its possible consequences for the Congolese people. The Act has stirred enormous debate with activists and mining companies lobbying hard - but little space has been given to Congolese voices.
Mvemba Dizolele is from Congo and was invited to address the congressional committee - and gave this powerful and compelling submission about the need to focus on security sector reform across Congo rather than just companies' supply chains in the mineral-rich and conflict-wracked east....
 
Cinq questions à Juvénal Munubo | 1st June | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
Interview with member of Congolese delegation invited by US State Department to discuss Dodd-Frank Act on ‘conflict minerals’.
 
Minerais de sang - La CENCO plaide au sénat américain pour le maintien des sanctions | 1st June | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
The president of the Congolese National Episcopal Conference pleads before US Congress for the application of the Dodd-Frank Act on conflict minerals.
 
Call for good governance in mining sector
Mines - Appel à la promotion de la bonne gouvernance | 30th May | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
 
EITI – official launch of second 2008-2009 report
L’ITIE-RDC lance la dissémination de son 2ème rapport pour les exercices 2008-2009 | 1st June | Digital Congo
Le deuxième rapport de l'Itie bientôt à la portée du grand public - Constat - 96 288 000 USD volatilisés | 1st June | Le Phare | allAfrica
Lancement du rapport ITIE/RDC pour les exercices 2008 et 2009 | 2nd June | ACP | Digital Congo
 
Round-table on CSR
Le grand hôtel accueille la 1ère table ronde de la responsabilité sociale des entreprises | 31st May | Le Potentiel | allAfrica
C'est au Grand Hôtel Kinshasa que se tient du 12 au 13 juin 2012 la première édition de la table ronde sur la responsabilité sociale des entreprises (RSE).
La République démocratique du Congo est probablement l'un des pays africains où il y a le plus urgence pour la mise en oeuvre des politiques publiques de responsabilité sociétale des entreprises (RSE). Tel est le principal message qui sera délivré lors de la 1ère édition de la table ronde sur la RSE en RDC, qui aura lieu les 12 et 13 juin au Grand Hôtel Kinshasa.

 

Rwanda

Mining Industry Elects Envoy to Regional Body | 30th May | The New Times | allAfrica
Public and private players in the mining industry elected their representative to the audit committee of the International Conference of the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), a move described as a regional solution to the scourge of "conflict minerals".
 

 
 

IPIS Recent Publications


Upstream Pilot Implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas  Baseline Report on the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum, and Tungsten | November 2011 | OECD | IPIS
IPIS executed the research for and writing of this OECD report. The present baseline report is the first in a cycle of three reports on the implementation by upstream companies of the Supplement on Tin, Tantalum and Tungsten of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas (hereafter “the Guidance”). The objective of this report is to understand where upstream companies currently stand with the implementation of due diligence.
 

Violence against women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Whose responsibility? Whose complicity? | November 2011 | ITUC | IPIS

IPIS contributed the research for and writing of this ITUC report. Summary: Eastern DRC has been ravaged by war and violence since the mid-1990s. Civilians carry the greatest burden of the conflict. Women and girls are especially vulnerable to such attacks.. Hundreds of women and girls get sexually violated in their homes and at their workplace. Fuelled and motivated by Congo’s minerals, rebel and army forces are inclined to maintain an insecure environment that ensures the continuation of the status quo. Congo’s conflict minerals go through a convoluted, yet manageable and traceable, supply chain and end up in industrialised consumer products. The introduction of transparency and governance into the mining sector is advancing, but still much has to be done.
 

Bisie. A one-year snapshot of the DRC’s principal cassiterite mine | November 2011 | IPIS

Much has happened in the mining sector of Eastern DRC over the last year. President Kabila imposed a ban on all mining activities last fall, during which production fell considerably. As soon as the suspension was lifted in the spring of this year, the major global electronic companies stopped buying minerals from the region, provoking a de facto embargo on Congo’s minerals with detrimental effects on the sector. At the same time, the Congolese government has taken major steps to restructure its army in the east of the country. These different decisions in the mining and security sectors have affected the nature and volume of minerals production and export and have reconfigured the security situation in the region. The consequences of these actions are discussed and illustrated with the use of the most important and well-known cassiterite mine in North Kivu called Bisie.
 

“Véhicules civils militarisables” and the EU arms embargo on Sudan | September 2011 | IPIS | TA-R | ASER

In this case study we will focus on the use of European manufactured trucks in the Darfur region, and more specifically what the defence industry calls “véhicules civils militarisables” - commercial vehicles that can be militarized. All armed actors in the conflict require vehicles to transport combatants through the vast Darfur deserts. Japanese Toyota (Landcruisers) pick-up trucks are the most common vehicles that are spotted in the region. Usually they are mounted with machineguns, and as such compose an important assault instrument. Furthermore, a wide array of military trucks or civilian trucks modified for military purposes are being used in Darfur, e.g. anti-aircraft guns are mounted on a variety of trucks to function as support and/or attack vehicles. Some of these trucks are European models, assembled by a local company: GIAD Automotive Industry Company.
 

Conflict motives in Kenya’s North Rift region | September 2011 | IPIS intern series

Kenya's North Rift Region continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warrior groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often characterised by their disproportionate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organise and finance armed militias. Uasin Gishu and Trans-Nzoia bore the brunt of the post-election violence in 2007 and 2008. The violence mainly pitted Kalenjin warrior groups against Kikuyu communities in a struggle over political injustices and power but also over economic discrepancies and feelings of ethnic antagonism.
 

Kenya’s role in the trade of gold from Eastern DRC | August 2011 | IPIS | Justice et paix

On 11 September 2010, the Congolese Ministry of Mines put out a statement in which it announced President Kabila’s decision to suspend all exploitation and export of minerals from the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu and Maniema. The aim of the mining ban was to break the link between mining and armed conflict in eastern DRC. This paper shows, however, that, even during the period of the embargo, Congolese minerals continued to find their way to the world market. The Kenyan capital of Nairobi appears to have served as an important hub for regional and international gold traders eyeing the mineral riches of eastern DRC.
 

The Arms Flyers - Commercial Aviation, Human Rights, and the Business of War and Arms | July 2011 | IPIS | Ta-R

In the last decades, the “business of war” has attracted thousands of civilian transport and logistics companies, especially in the aviation sector. State and non-State actors engaged in armed conflicts or in military operations that require substantial logistic support have increasingly resorted to the services of civilian transport operators to fulfil their transport and logistics needs. This report firstly presents a series of cases - that illustrate and document the continuous involvement of aviation companies in the business of war. The report then offers an analysis of international and national laws on the transport of weapons by air and a discussion of air safety regulations as enacted in the US and in Europe. The report also deals with the fundamentally flawed research that has sought to use air safety initiatives as a weapon in the fight against arms trafficking by air and has thus unfortunately constituted much of the basis for European Union projects to fight arms trafficking by air. An analysis of the present situation in air cargo markets and its influence on the logistics of wars and humanitarian operations concludes the report.
 

From Kanga to Kitenge: exploring patterns of cultural change in the Kigoma region | May 2011 | IPIS

The article discusses the current changes occurring in Kigoma, one of the poorest regions of Tanzania. For decades, the far-western corner and the point of convergence between Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is seen as peripheral within its national state. However, the steady move away from socialism to liberalism and the relative stability in the Great Lakes Region together with the associated reduction of refugee flows led to the gradual revaluation of Kigoma as a strategically important (business) centre. The case of women's wear is used to explore whether and how recent national, regional and global social and economic changes affected Kigoma's cultural set-up.
 

Guide to Current Mining Reform Initiatives in Eastern DRC | April 2011 | IPIS

US legislation has brought on a variety of initiatives aiming at mining reform in EDRC. This paper describes the basic elements of these initiatives, their genesis, the current state of affairs, the inkages between the initiatives and the main challenges they face. Further, the paper briefly evaluates the initiatives while focussing on the steps ahead. 
  
 
 
 
 
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